Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

infinitivo: to have
presente: have / has
pasado: had
participio: had

Modo indicativo

Presente (Present simple): yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene …
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I have It has
You have We have
He has You have
She has They have

Pretérito imperfecto / pasado simple (past simple): yo tenía, él tenía, tú tenías…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he tenido, tú has tenido, él ha tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have had It has had
You have had We have had
He has had You have had
She has had They have had

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube tenido, tú habías / hubiste tenido, él había / hubo tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

Futuro (future): yo tendré, tú tendrás, él tendrá…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will have It will have
You will have We will have
He will have You will have
She will have They will have

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré tenido, tú habras tenido, él habrá tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have had It will have had
You will have had We will have had
He will have had You will have had
She will have had They will have had

Condicional (conditional): yo tendría, tú tendrías, él tendría…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would have It would have
You would have We would have
He would have You would have
She would have They would have

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera tenido, tú habrías o hubieras tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have had It would have had
You would have had We would have had
He would have had You would have had
She would have had They would have had

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo tenga, tú tengas, él tenga…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I have It have
You have We have
He have You have
She have They have

Pretérito imperfecto: yo tuviera, tú tuvieras, él tuviera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera tenido, tú hubieras tenido, él hubiera tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

LESSON 4 Verbo “To do”

LESSON 4
Verbo “To do”

· El verbo “to do” en inglés puede funcionar como verbo ordinario, con el significado de “hacer”, o como verbo auxiliar. Su declinación en el presente del indicativo (simple present) es la siguiente:

Clica y escucha el simple present del verbo 'To do'

Yo hago

I do

Tu haces

You do

El/ella hace

He/she/it does

Nosotros hacemos

We do

Vosotros hacéis

You do

Ellos/ellas hacen

They do

· En el pasado simple (simple past) tiene una única forma:

Clica y escucha el simple past del verbo 'To do'

Yo hice

I did

Tu hicíeste

You did

El/ella hizo

He/she/it did

Nosotros hicímos

We did

Vosotros hicisteis

You did

Ellos/ellas hicieron

They did

· Como verbo ordinario con el significado de “hacer” hay que distinguirlo de otro verbo, “to make”, que también se traduce en castellano por “hacer”, aunque este último con un significado de “fabricar”:

I did my job.

Yo hice mi trabajo

I made a cake.

Yo hice un pastel

What areyou doing this evening?

¿Qué haces esta tarde?

She made that table.

Ella hizo esa mesa

· Como verbo auxiliar, se utiliza para construir las formas negativas y de interrogación del presente y del pasado simple:

I don’t know that.

Yo no se eso

I didn´t answer correctly.

No contesté correctamente

Do you go to the cinema?

¿Vas al cine?

Didn’t you see that film?

¿No viste esa película?

· Como se puede observar, en las formas negativas se suelen utilizar contracciones:

Do not

Don’t

Does not

Doesn’t

Did not

Didn’t

· Otro uso del verbo “to do” es para evitar la repetición de un verbo que se acaba de mencionar, especialmente en la contestación de preguntas:

Do you like coffee?

Yes, I do

Did you play tennis?

Yes, I did

He likes music…

… and so do I ( = I like music too)


VOCABULARIO

País

Country

Aeropuerto

Airport

Región

Region

Estación

Station

Provincia

Province

Puerto

Port

Ciudad

City

Metro

Metro

Pueblo

Village

Parque

Parking lot

Aldea

Small village

Aparcamiento

Parking

Luna

Moon

Bosque

Forest

Calle

Street

Cine

Cinema

Plaza

Square

Teatro

Theater

Avenida

Avenue

Restaurante

Restaurant

Monumento

Monument

Fuente

Fountain

EJERCICIOS

Completa las frases. Utiliza contracciones siempre que sea posible.

1.


you like reading?

¿Te gusta leer?

2.

I
my homework.

Yo hago mis deberes

3.

Who
that?

¿Quién hizo eso?

4.

I
like this car.

No me gusta este coche

5.


she play basketball?

¿Jugó ella al baloncesto?

6.

He
come with us.

Él no viene con nosotros

7.


they live in Paris?

¿Vivieron ellos en París?

8.


you know that person?

¿Conoces a esa persona?

9.

We
go to the party.

Nosotros no fuimos a la fiesta

10.

Do you like a beer? Yes, I

¿Quieres una cerveza? sí, quiero

SOLUCIONES:

2.

I do my homework.

Yo hago mis deberes

3.

Who did that?

¿Quién hizo eso?

4.

I don’t like this car.

No me gusta este coche

5.

Did she play basketball?

¿Jugó ella al baloncesto?

6.

He doesn’t come with us.

Él no viene con nosotros

7.

Did they live in Paris?

¿Vivieron ellos en París?

8.

Do you know that person?

¿Conoces a esa persona?

9.

We didn’t go to the party.

Nosotros no fuimos a la fiesta

10.

Do you like a beer? Yes, I do.

¿Quieres una cerveza? sí, quiero