Ejercicios de gramática – to be, preguntas con to be, frases negativas, tag questions

Te proponemos unos ejercicios de gramática.
Las soluciones las tienes más abajo.

ETXETRCISES

1. Change the following pairs of words into sentences, using the correct forms of the Simple Present of the verb to be. For example:
I, cautious
I am cautious.

they, friendly
They are friendly.

1. you, careful
2. it, warm
3. he, here
4. we, bold
5. they, careless
6. she, clever
7. we, ready
8. you, reckless
9. I, shy
10. they, polite
2. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into questions. For example:
I am cautious.
Am I cautious?

They are friendly.
Are they friendly?
3. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into negative statements. For example:
I am cautious.
I am not cautious.

They are friendly.
They are not friendly.
4. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into negative questions. Except where the subject of the verb is I, write both the form without contractions and the form with contractions. For example:
I am cautious.
Am I not cautious?

They are friendly.
Are they not friendly?
Aren’t they friendly?
5. Add negative tag questions to the ends of the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1. Except where the subject of the verb is I, use contractions for the tag questions. For example:
I am cautious.
I am cautious, am I not?

They are friendly.
They are friendly, aren’t they?
6. Using the Simple Present of the verb to be, and making sure that the word order is correct, form the following groups of words into grammatically correct statements or questions. If the symbol ? is present, form the words into a question. If the word not is present, form the words into a negative statement or negative question. Do not use contractions in this exercise. For example:
it, brown
It is brown.

you, ?, excited
Are you excited?

I, satisfied, not
I am not satisfied.

not, ?, they, ready
Are they not ready?

1. you, ?, hungry
2. we, ?, not, correct
3. he, ?, happy
4. not, ?, it, cold
5. she, here
6. I, early, ?
7. they, wrong, not
8. you, ?, comfortable
9. they, ?, not, strong
10. not, ?, I, fortunate
11. it, slippery, ?
12. not, you, late
13. it, not, ?, important
14. we, famous
15. they, present, ?
Answers

ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES

Answers to Exercise 1:
1. You are careful. 2. It is warm. 3. He is here. 4. We are bold. 5. They are careless. 6. She is clever. 7. We are ready. 8. You are reckless. 9. I am shy. 10. They are polite.

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. Are you careful? 2. Is it warm? 3. Is he here? 4. Are we bold? 5. Are they careless? 6. Is she clever? 7. Are we ready? 8. Are you reckless? 9. Am I shy? 10. Are they polite?

Answers to Exercise 3:
1. You are not careful. 2. It is not warm. 3. He is not here. 4. We are not bold. 5. They are not careless. 6. She is not clever. 7. We are not ready. 8. You are not reckless. 9. I am not shy. 10. They are not polite.

Answers to Exercise 4:
1. Are you not careful? Aren’t you careful? 2. Is it not warm? Isn’t it warm? 3. Is he not here? Isn’t he here? 4. Are we not bold? Aren’t we bold? 5. Are they not careless? Aren’t they careless? 6. Is she not clever? Isn’t she clever? 7. Are we not ready? Aren’t we ready? 8. Are you not reckless? Aren’t you reckless? 9. Am I not shy? 10. Are they not polite? Aren’t they polite?

Answers to Exercise 5:
1. You are careful, aren’t you? 2. It is warm, isn’t it? 3. He is here, isn’t he? 4. We are bold, aren’t we? 5. They are careless, aren’t they? 6. She is clever, isn’t she? 7. We are ready, aren’t we? 8. You are reckless, aren’t you? 9. I am shy, am I not? 10. They are polite, aren’t they?

Answers to Exercise 6:
1. Are you hungry? 2. Are we not correct? 3. Is he happy? 4. Is it not cold? 5. She is here. 6. Am I early? 7. They are not wrong. 8. Are you comfortable? 9. Are they not strong? 10. Am I not fortunate? ii. Is it slippery? 12. You are not late. 13. Is it not important? 14. We are famous. 15. Are they present?

Negative statements – Frases negativas con To Be

In the Simple Present of the verb to be, negative statements are formed by adding the word not after the verb.
e.g. I am not awake.
They are not ready.
In the first example, not follows the verb am. In the second example, not follows the verb are.

In spoken English, the following contractions are often used:

Without contractions With contractions
is not isn’t
are not aren’t

Traducción:

En el presente simple del verbo ser, declaraciones negativas se forman mediante la adición de la palabra, no después de que el verbo.
por ejemplo, No estoy despierto.
Ellos no están listos.
En el primer ejemplo, no sigue el verbo horas. En el segundo ejemplo, no sigue el verbo son.

En Inglés hablado, las siguientes contracciones se utilizan con frecuencia:

Sin contracciones con contracciones

Questions with To Be – Preguntas en inglés con To Be

For the Simple Present of the verb to be, questions are formed by reversing the order of the subject and the verb, so that the verb precedes the subject.
e.g. Am I awake?
Are they ready?

In the first example, the verb am precedes the subject I. In the second example, the verb are precedes the subject they. In written English, questions are always followed by a question mark: ?

Traducción:

Para el Presente Simple del verbo ser, las preguntas se forman invirtiendo el orden del sujeto y el verbo, de modo que el verbo precede a la materia.
por ejemplo, ¿Estoy despierto?
¿Están listos?

En el primer ejemplo, el verbo precede a la mañana el tema I. En el segundo ejemplo, el verbo se precede a la materia que. En Inglés escrito, las preguntas son siempre seguidos por una cuestión de marca:?

affirmative statements with ‘to be’- Frases afirmativas con ‘to be’

An affirmative statement states that something is true. In an affirmative statement, the verb follows the subject.
e.g. I am awake.
They are ready.

In the first example, the verb am follows the subject I. In the second example, the verb are follows the subject they. In written English, statements are always followed by a period: . Statements and questions must begin with a capital letter.

Traducción:

Una declaración afirmativa se afirma que algo es cierto. En una declaración afirmativa, el verbo sigue el tema.
por ejemplo, Me despierto.
Ellos están listos.

En el primer ejemplo, el verbo horas sigue el tema I. En el segundo ejemplo, el verbo se sigue que el tema. En Inglés escrito, las declaraciones son siempre seguidos por un período de:. Las declaraciones y las preguntas deben comenzar con una letra mayúscula.

The simple present of the verb To Be – El presente simple del verbo ser (to be)

A conjugation of a verb is a list showing the different forms a verb may take. When a verb is conjugated, it is usually accompanied by all of the personal pronouns which can act as subjects of a verb. Thus, a conjugation can show the different forms a verb must take when it is used with different subjects.

The English personal pronouns which may be used as subjects of verbs are as follows:

I
you
he
she
it
we
they

It should be noted that in modern English, the same verb forms are used with the subject you, whether you refers to one or more than one person or thing. In an older form of English, there was another personal pronoun, thou, which was used with different verb forms, and which generally referred to one person or thing.

The Simple Present of the verb to be is conjugated as follows. In spoken English, contractions are often used.

Without contractions With contractions
I am I’m
you are you’re
he is he’s
she is she’s
it is it’s
we are we’re
they are they’re

In written English, an apostrophe: is used in a contraction, to indicate that one or more letters have been omitted.

Traducción automática:

Una conjugación de un verbo es una lista que muestra las diferentes formas un verbo puede tomar. Cuando es un verbo conjugado, por lo general es acompañado por todos los pronombres personales que pueden actuar como sujetos de un verbo. Por lo tanto, una conjugación puede mostrar las diferentes formas un verbo debe tener cuando se utiliza con diferentes temas.

El Inglés los pronombres personales que pueden ser utilizados como sujetos de los verbos son los siguientes:

Yo

él
ella
ello
nosotros
ellos

Cabe señalar que en el Inglés moderno, las mismas formas verbales se utilizan con el sujeto que, si se refiere a uno o más de una persona o cosa. En una forma antigua de Inglés, hubo otro pronombre personal, tú, que se utilizó con diferentes formas verbales, y que por lo general se refiere a una persona o cosa.

El Presente simple del verbo ser es conjugada de la siguiente manera. En Inglés hablado, las contracciones se utilizan con frecuencia.

Sin contracciones con contracciones

En Inglés escrito, un apóstrofe: «se utiliza en una contracción, para indicar que una o más cartas se han omitido.

LESSON 2 Verbo “To be”

LESSON 2
Verbo “To be”

· El verbo “to be” en inglés es equivalente a los verbos “ser” y “estar” en castellano. Su declinación en el presente del indicativo (simple present) es la siguiente:

Yo soy/estoy

I am

Tu eres/estás

You are

El/ella es/está

He/she/it is

Nosotros somos/estamos

We are

Vosotros sois/estáis

You are

Ellos/ellas son/están

They are

· Se suelen utilizar contracciones de estas formas:

I am

I’m

You/we/they are

You/we/they’re

He/she/it is

He/she/it’s

· Su declinación en tiempo pasado (simple past):

Yo era/estaba (fui/estuve)

I was

Tu eras/estabas (fuiste/estuviste)

You were

El/ella era/estaba (fue/estuvo)

He/she/it was

Nosotros éramos/estábamos (fuimos/estuvimos)

We were

Vosotros erais/estabais (fuisteis/estuvisteis)

You were

Ellos/ellas eran/estaban (fueron/estuvieron)

They were

· El verbo “to be” se puede utilizar como un verbo ordinario y en este caso sirve para dar información sobre el sujeto:

I am old.

Yo soy mayor

The car is red.

El coche es rojo

It is cold.

Hace frio (el día está frio)

· También se utiliza como verbo auxiliar para formar las formas continuas:

I am running.

Yo estoy corriendo

I was running.

Yo estaba corriendo

· Y para construir la forma pasiva:

The table is made of wood.

La mesa está hecha de madera

· Otro uso del verbo “to be” es seguido de infinitivo y se utiliza para dar órdenes de una manera un tanto impersonal, especialmente con la 3ª persona, o también para comunicar un plan:

He is to solve that problem.

El debe resolver ese problema

They are to help you.

Ellos deben ayudarte

I am to travel next week.

Voy a viajar la próxima semana


VOCABULARIO

Cuerpo

Body

Pierna

Leg

Cabeza

Head

Rodilla

Knee

Cuello

Neck

Pie

Foot (feet)

Hombro

Shoulder

Uña

Nail

Brazo

Arm

Músculo

Muscle

Codo

Elbow

Hueso

Bone

Mano

Hand

Piel

Skin

Dedo

Finger

Pelo

Hair

Pecho

Chest

Espalda

Back

Barriga

Belly

LESSON 2
Verbo ‘To be’

Completa las frases. Utiliza contracciones siempre que sea posible.

1.

I
Spanish.

Yo soy español

2.

You
old.

Tú eres mayor

3.

They
foreigners.

Ellos son extranjeros

4.

We
young.

Nosotros éramos jóvenes

5.

He
to stay here.

Él debe quedarse aquí

6.

He
to study medicine.

Él va a estudiar medicina

7.

It
hot.

Hace calor

8.

He
here.

Él está aquí

9.

They
in Paris.

Ellos estaban en París

10.

We
playing football.

Nosotros estamos jugando al fútbol

SOLUCIONES

1.

I am Spanish.

Yo soy español

2.

You are old.

Tú eres mayor

3.

They are foreigners.

Ellos son extranjeros

4.

We were young.

Nosotros éramos jóvenes

5.

He is to stay here.

Él debe quedarse aquí

6.

He is to study medicine.

Él va a estudiar medicina

7.

It is hot.

Hace calor

8.

He is here.

Él está aquí

9.

They were in Paris.

Ellos estaban en París

10.

We are playing football.

Nosotros estamos jugando al fútbol