Question tags – Formular preguntas en inglés

En inglés es frecuente que terminemos las frases con otra frase corta, de signo contrario, la cual tiene la intención de pedir la opinión o buscar la aprobación del interlocutor, son las llamadas question tags.

Equivalen a: ¿verdad?, ¿no es verdad?, ¿no?, ¿no es así? ¿en serio?

Your brother is older than you, isn’t he?
(Tu hermano es mayor que tú, ¿no es así?)

You can help me, can’t you?
(Puedes ayudarme, ¿verdad?)

Para formar esta pregunta corta utilizaremos el auxiliar de la frase principal y su sujeto pero de signo contrario. Si no tuviera auxiliar entonces utilizaríamos el auxiliar to do.

He doesn’t like Susan, does he?
He likes Susan, doesn’t he?
He is getting married, isn’t he?
He isn’t getting married, is he?
You worked yesterday, didn’t you?

El interlocutor puede contestar retomando las question tags.

He likes Susan. (Le gusta Susan)
Doesn’t he? (¿de verdad?)

Preguntas y frases negativas – Questions and negative statements

Questions and negative statements

As is the case with other English tenses, questions and negative statements in the Present Perfect are formed using the auxiliary. In the case of the Present Perfect, the auxiliary is have or has.

a. Questions
In order to form a question, the auxiliary is placed before the subject of the verb. For example:

Affirmative Statement Question
I have worked. Have I worked?
You have worked. Have you worked?
He has worked. Has he worked?
She has worked. Has she worked?
It has worked. Has it worked?
We have worked. Have we worked?
They have worked. Have they worked?

b. Negative statements
In order to form a negative statement, the word not is placed after the auxiliary. For example:

Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
I have worked. I have not worked.
You have worked. You have not worked.
He has worked. He has not worked.
She has worked. She has not worked.
It has worked. It has not worked.
We have worked. We have not worked.
They have worked. They have not worked.

The following contractions are often used in spoken English:

Without Contractions With Contractions
have not haven’t
has not hasn’t

c. Negative questions
In order to form a negative question, the auxiliary is placed before the subject, and the word not is placed after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the auxiliary. For example:

Without Contractions With Contractions
Have I not worked? Haven’t I worked?
Have you not worked? Haven’t you worked?
Has he not worked? Hasn’t he worked?
Has she not worked? Hasn’t she worked?
Has it not worked? Hasn’t it worked?
Have we not worked? Haven’t we worked?
Have they not worked? Haven’t they worked?

d. Tag questions
Tag questions are also formed using the auxiliary. In the following examples, the negative tag questions are underlined.

Affirmative Statement Affirmative Statement with Tag Question
I have worked. I have worked, haven’t I?
You have worked. You have worked, haven’t you?
He has worked. He has worked, hasn’t he?
She has worked. She has worked, hasn’t she?
It has worked. It has worked, hasn’t it?
We have worked. We have worked, haven’t we?
They have worked. They have worked, haven’t they?

Traducción:

Preguntas y frases negativas

Como es el caso de otros tiempos Inglés, preguntas y declaraciones negativas en el presente perfecto se forman utilizando el auxiliar. En el caso de el presente perfecto, el auxiliar se tiene o ha.

a. Preguntas
Con el fin de formar una pregunta, el auxiliar se coloca antes de que el sujeto del verbo. Por ejemplo:

b. Declaraciones negativas
Con el fin de una forma negativa, la palabra no se encuentra después de la auxiliar. Por ejemplo:


Los siguientes contracciones se utilizan a menudo habla en Inglés:

c. Negativo preguntas
Con el fin de formar una cuestión negativa, el auxiliar se coloca antes de este asunto, y la palabra no se coloca después de este tema. Sin embargo, cuando las contracciones se utilizan, la forma de contratados no sigue inmediatamente después de la auxiliar. Por ejemplo:

d. question tags
Etiqueta preguntas también se forman utilizando el auxiliar. En los siguientes ejemplos, la negativa etiqueta preguntas están subrayados.

Preguntas con gerundio en inglés – Questions with Present Continuous

Questions
In the Present Continuous, the verb to be acts as an auxiliary. As is the case with other English tenses, it is the auxiliary which is used to form questions and negative statements.

To form a question in the Present Continuous tense, the auxiliary is placed before the subject. For example:

Affirmative Statement Question
I am working. Am I working?
You are working. Are you working?
He is working. Is he working?
She is working. Is she working?
It is working. Is it working?
We are working. Are we working?
They are working. Are they working?

Preguntas
En el presente continuo, el verbo que actúa como un auxiliar. Como es el caso de Inglés de otros tiempos, es el auxiliar que se utiliza para formar las preguntas y declaraciones negativas.

Para formar una pregunta en el presente continuo de tensión, el auxiliar se coloca ante el tema. Por ejemplo:

Negative questions – Preguntas negativas

Negative questions
To form a negative question, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do is placed before the subject, and the word not followed by the bare infinitive is placed after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the Simple Present of the auxiliary do. For example:

Without contractions With contractions
Do I not work? Don’t I work?
Do you not work? Don’t you work?
Does he not work? Doesn’t he work?
Does she not work? Doesn’t she work?
Does it not work? Doesn’t it work?
Do we not work? Don’t we work?
Do they not work? Don’t they work?

Traducción:

Preguntas negativas
Para formar una cuestión negativa, el Presente Simple de los auxiliares no se coloca antes de este asunto, y la palabra no seguida por el desnudo infinitivo se coloca después de este tema. Sin embargo, cuando las contracciones se utilizan, la forma de contratados no sigue inmediatamente después de la Presente Simple de los auxiliares de hacer.

Questions – Preguntas

In order to form a question in the Simple Present of any verb other than the verb to be, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do is added before the subject, and the bare infinitive of the verb is placed after the subject. For example:

Affirmative Statement Question
I work. Do I work?
You work. Do you work?
He works. Does he work?
She works. Does she work?
It works. Does it work?
We work. Do we work?
They work. Do they work?
Traducción:
Con el fin de formar una pregunta en el Presente Simple de cualquier otro verbo que el verbo ser, la simple actual de los auxiliares no se añadirá antes de que el tema, y el desnudo infinitivo del verbo se coloca después de este tema. Por ejemplo:

Negative questions – Preguntas en negativo en inglés

In the Simple Present of the verb to be, negative questions are formed by reversing the order of the subject and verb, and adding not after the subject.
e.g. Am I not awake?
Are they not ready?

In spoken English, contractions are usually used in negative questions. In the contracted form of a negative question, the contraction of not follows immediately after the verb. For example:

Without contractions With contractions
Are you not awake? Aren’t you awake?
Is he not awake? Isn’t he awake?
Are we not awake? Aren’t we awake?
Are they not awake? Aren’t they awake?

It should be noted that there is no universally accepted contraction for am not. In spoken English, am I not? is often contracted to aren’t I?. However, although the expression aren’t I? is considered acceptable in informal English, it is not considered to be grammatically correct in formal English. In formal English, no contraction should be used for am I not.

Traducción:

En el presente simple del verbo ser, las cuestiones negativas se forman invirtiendo el orden del sujeto y verbo, y no después de añadir el tema.
por ejemplo, No me despierto?
¿No son listos?

En Inglés hablado, las contracciones son generalmente utilizados en las preguntas negativas. En el contratado de forma negativa una cuestión, la contracción de la siguiente manera no inmediatamente después del verbo. Por ejemplo:

Sin contracciones con contracciones
¿No despierta? ¿No estás despierto?
¿Es que no despierto? No es que despierto?
¿No estamos despiertos? ¿No despierta?
¿No despierta? ¿No son despierto?

Cabe señalar que no existe ninguna universalmente aceptada para la contracción no soy. En Inglés hablado, estoy no? se contrató a menudo no son yo?. Sin embargo, aunque la expresión no se yo? se considera aceptable en el sector informal Inglés, que no se considera correcto gramaticalmente formal en Inglés. En Inglés formal, la contracción no se debe utilizar para no soy yo.

Questions with To Be – Preguntas en inglés con To Be

For the Simple Present of the verb to be, questions are formed by reversing the order of the subject and the verb, so that the verb precedes the subject.
e.g. Am I awake?
Are they ready?

In the first example, the verb am precedes the subject I. In the second example, the verb are precedes the subject they. In written English, questions are always followed by a question mark: ?

Traducción:

Para el Presente Simple del verbo ser, las preguntas se forman invirtiendo el orden del sujeto y el verbo, de modo que el verbo precede a la materia.
por ejemplo, ¿Estoy despierto?
¿Están listos?

En el primer ejemplo, el verbo precede a la mañana el tema I. En el segundo ejemplo, el verbo se precede a la materia que. En Inglés escrito, las preguntas son siempre seguidos por una cuestión de marca:?