Conjugación verbo do (hacer)

Conjugación verbo do (hacer)

infinitivo: to do
presente: do / does
pasado: did
participio: done

Modo indicativo

Presente (present simple): yo hago, tú haces, él hace..
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I do It does
You do We do
He does You do
She does They do

Pretérito imperfecto /pasado simple (past simple): yo hacía, tú hacías, él hacía…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I did It did
You did We did
He did You did
She did They did

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he hecho, tú has hecho, él ha hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have done It has done
You have done We have done
He has done You have done
She has done They have done

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube hecho, tú habías /hubiste hecho, él había /hubo hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had done It had done
You had done We had done
He had done You had done
She had done They had done

Futuro (future): yo haré, tú harás, él hará…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will do It will do
You will do We will do
He will do You will do
She will do They will do

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré hecho, tú habras hecho, él habrá hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have done It will have done
You will have done We will have done
He will have done You will have done
She will have done They will have done

Condicional (conditional): yo haría, tú harías, él haría…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would do It would do
You would do We would do
He would do You would do
She would do They would do

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera hecho, tú habrías o hubieras hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have done It would have done
You would have done We would have done
He would have done You would have done
She would have done They would have done

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo haga, tú hagas, él haga…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I do It do
You do We do
He do You do
She do They do

Pretérito imperfecto: yo hiciera, tú hicieras, él hiciera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I did It did
You did We did
He did You did
She did They did

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera hecho, tú hubieras hecho, él hubiera hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had done It had done
You had done We had done
He had done You had done
She had done They had done

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Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

infinitivo: to have
presente: have / has
pasado: had
participio: had

Modo indicativo

Presente (Present simple): yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene …
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I have It has
You have We have
He has You have
She has They have

Pretérito imperfecto / pasado simple (past simple): yo tenía, él tenía, tú tenías…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he tenido, tú has tenido, él ha tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have had It has had
You have had We have had
He has had You have had
She has had They have had

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube tenido, tú habías / hubiste tenido, él había / hubo tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

Futuro (future): yo tendré, tú tendrás, él tendrá…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will have It will have
You will have We will have
He will have You will have
She will have They will have

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré tenido, tú habras tenido, él habrá tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have had It will have had
You will have had We will have had
He will have had You will have had
She will have had They will have had

Condicional (conditional): yo tendría, tú tendrías, él tendría…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would have It would have
You would have We would have
He would have You would have
She would have They would have

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera tenido, tú habrías o hubieras tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have had It would have had
You would have had We would have had
He would have had You would have had
She would have had They would have had

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo tenga, tú tengas, él tenga…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I have It have
You have We have
He have You have
She have They have

Pretérito imperfecto: yo tuviera, tú tuvieras, él tuviera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera tenido, tú hubieras tenido, él hubiera tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

Conjugación verbo be (ser o estar)

Conjugación verbo be (ser o estar)

infinitivo: to be
presente: am / is / are
pasado: was / were
participio: been

Modo indicativo

Presente (present): yo soy, tú eres, él es …
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I am It is
You are We are
He is You are
She is They are

Pretérito imperfecto /pasado simple (past simple): yo era, tú eras, él era…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I was It was
You were We were
He was You were
She was They were

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he sido, tú has sido, él ha sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have been It has been
You have been We have been
He has been You have been
She has been They have been

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube sido, tú habías /hubiste sido, él había /hubo sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had been It had been
You had been We had been
He had been You had been
She had been They had been

Futuro (future): yo seré, tú serás, él será…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will be It will be
You will be We will be
He will be You will be
She will be They will be

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré sido, tú habras sido, él habrá sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have been It will have been
You will have been We will have been
He will have been You will have been
She will have been They will have been

Condicional (conditional): yo sería, tú serías, él sería…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would be It would be
You would be We would be
He would be You would be
She would be They would be

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera sido, tú habrías o hubieras sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have been It would have been
You would have been We would have been
He would have been You would have been
She would have been They would have been

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo sea, tú seas, él sea…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I be It be
You be We be
He be You be
She be They be

Pretérito imperfecto: yo fuera, tú fueras, él fuera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I were It were
You were We were
He were You were
She were They were

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera sido, tú hubieras sido, él hubiera sido…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had been It had been
You had been We had been
He had been You had been
She had been They had been

Presente del perfecto contínuo – The present perfect continuous

The present perfect continuous

a. Use
The Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to express continuous, ongoing actions which have already been completed at the time of speaking or writing.

In the following example, the verb in the Present Perfect Continuous tense is underlined.
e.g. The bus has been waiting for one hour.

The use of the Present Perfect Continuous tense in this example indicates that, at the time of speaking or writing, the bus has completed one hour of continuous waiting.

b. Formation
The Present Perfect Continuous tense of any English verb is formed from the Present Perfect of to be, followed by the present participle of the verb. For instance, the Present Perfect Continuous tense of the verb to work is conjugated as follows:

I have been working
you have been working
he has been working
she has been working
it has been working
we have been working
they have been working

Thus, it can be seen that the Present Perfect Continuous tense has two auxiliaries. The first auxiliary is have or has, and the second auxiliary is been.

See Exercise 8.

c. Questions and negative statements
When a verb has more than one auxiliary, it is the first auxiliary which must change its form to agree with the subject of the verb. It is also the first auxiliary which is used to form questions and negative statements.

Questions are formed by placing the first auxiliary before the subject of the verb. For example:

Affirmative Statement Question
I have been working. Have I been working?
You have been working. Have you been working?
He has been working. Has he been working?
She has been working. Has she been working?
It has been working. Has it been working?
We have been working. Have we been working?
They have been working. Have they been working?

Negative statements are formed by placing the word not after the first auxiliary. For example:

Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
I have been working. I have not been working.
You have been working. You have not been working.
He has been working. He has not been working.
She has been working. She has not been working.
It has been working. It has not been working.
We have been working. We have not been working.
They have been working. They have not been working.

Negative questions are formed by placing the first auxiliary before the subject, and the word not after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the first auxiliary. For example:

Without Contractions With Contractions
Have I not been working? Haven’t I been working?
Have you not been working? Haven’t you been working?
Has he not been working? Hasn’t he been working?
Has she not been working? Hasn’t she been working?
Has it not been working? Hasn’t it been working?
Have we not been working? Haven’t we been working?
Have they not been working? Haven’t they been working?

Tag questions are formed using the first auxiliary. In the following examples, the negative tag questions are underlined. For example:

Affirmative Statement Affirmative Statement with Tag Question
I have been working. I have been working, haven’t I?
You have been working. You have been working, haven’t you?
He has been working. He has been working, hasn’t he?
She has been working. She has been working, hasn’t she?
It has been working. It has been working, hasn’t it?
We have been working. We have been working, haven’t we?
They have been working. They have been working, haven’t they?