Tag Archive for 'Present Perfect'

Ejercicios del present perfect y del present perfect continuous

1. Using the Present Perfect tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
We ____________ the contest. (to enter)
We have entered the contest.

He ____________ the work. (to finish)
He has finished the work.

1. They _______________ a pizza. (to order)
2. It _______________ to rain. (to start)
3. You _______________ the question. (to answer)
4. I _______________ the eggs. (to cook)
5. We _______________ the sauce. (to heat)
6. He _______________ the room. (to clean)
7. She _______________ the car. (to start)
8. They _______________ on the door. (to knock)
9. You _______________ on the lights. (to turn)
10. She _______________ them to come. (to ask)
Answers

2. Rewrite the following sentences, using the contracted form of the auxiliary to have. For example:
It has started.
It’s started.

We have telephoned.
We’ve telephoned.

1. I have agreed.
2. You have moved.
3. He has looked.
4. We have argued.
5. They have explained.
6. You have waited.
7. She has answered.
8. We have finished.
9. It has cooled.
10. I have ordered.
Answers

3. Paying attention to the spelling of the past participles, fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense of the regular verbs shown in brackets. For example:
She _________ hard. (to try)
She has tried hard.

He ___________ his friend. (to annoy)
He has annoyed his friend.

1. We _______________ them. (to envy)
2. She ________________ the clarinet for five years. (to play)
3. You _________________ for the job. (to apply)
4. We _______________ the eggs. (to fry)
5. They _________________ six people. (to employ)
6. He ________________ the wall with paint. (to spray)
7. I ________________ home. (to hurry)
8. They _________________ unusual intelligence. (to display)
9. It _________________ our chances. (to destroy)
10. You ________________ on your bicycle. (to rely)
Answers

4. Paying attention to the spelling of the past participles, fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense of the regular verbs shown in brackets. For example:
He __________ the child. (to scare)
He has scared the child.

They ____________ the hillside. (to scar)
They have scarred the hillside.

1. She __________________. (to apologize)
2. I ________________ the soup. (to stir)
3. It _________________. (to stop)
4. We _________________ what happened. (to explain)
5. They __________________ a concert. (to plan)
6. You ________________ the table. (to wipe)
7. We _________________ our hopes on you. (to pin)
8. She _________________ the choir. (to join)
9. They ________________ an eagle. (to spot)
10. It ___________ every day. (to rain)
11. You _______________ the cream. (to whip)
12. She _______________ everything. (to arrange)
Answers

5. Keeping in mind that the ending ed forms a separate syllable only when it follows the letter d or t, indicate the number of syllables in each of the following past participles. Read each of the the past participles aloud. For example:
__ pained
1 pained

__ painted
2 painted

1. ___ waited
2. ___ wailed
3. ___ pinned
4. ___ printed
5. ___ acted
6. ___ added
7. ___ wanted
8. ___ warned
9. ___ raced
10. ___ rated
11. ___ joined
12. ___ jumped
13. ___ folded
14. ___ frowned
15. ___ passed
16. ___ patted
17. ___ raided
18. ___ rained
19. ___ stared
20. ___ started
Answers

6. Referring to the table of irregular verbs if necessary, fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect tense of the irregular verbs shown in brackets. For example:
They _________ tall. (to grow)
They have grown tall.

He __________ it. (to choose)
He has chosen it.

1. We _____________ lunch. (to eat)
2. I ______________ the floor. (to sweep)
3. She ______________ in a choir. (to sing)
4. They ______________ to work. (to go)
5. You ______________ your way. (to lose)
6. He _____________ earlier than usual. (to rise)
7. We ______________ to everyone. (to speak)
8. I ______________ the kingfisher. (to see)
9. They _________ each other a long time. (to know)
10. She _______________ here from France. (to fly)
11. He ______________ very helpful. (to be)
12. I _______________ the blue cloth. (to cut)
13. We ______________ two letters. (to write)
14. They _______________ the competition. (to win)
15. She ________________ no one. (to tell)
16. It _______________ a long time. (to take)
17. You ________________ to do it. (to forget)
18. I ________________ it. (to hear)
19. They _______________ town. (to leave)
20. He ________________ the problem. (to understand)
Answers

7. Following the model of the examples, rewrite the following affirmative statements as questions, negative statements, negative questions without contractions, negative questions with contractions, and affirmative statements followed by negative tag questions. For example:
I have read this book.
Have I read this book?
I have not read this book.
Have I not read this book?
Haven’t I read this book?
I have read this book, haven’t I?

He has found the answer.
Has he found the answer?
He has not found the answer.
Has he not found the answer?
Hasn’t he found the answer?
He has found the answer, hasn’t he?

1. They have eaten the cookies.
2. She has told the truth.
3. He has run fast.
4. We have watered the plants.
5. You have hurried.
Answers

8. Paying attention to the spelling of the present participles, fill in the blanks using the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
I ________________ all night. (to work)
I have been working all night.

She ___________________ the trumpet. (to practise)
She has been practising the trumpet.

1. We ______________________ for you. (to wait)
2. They __________________________ a race. (to run)
3. He ___________________________ a book. (to read)
4. You ___________________________ a letter. (to write)
5. I __________________________ the table. (to set)
6. It __________________________ for hours. (to rain)
7. We __________________________ here for three years. (to live)
8. She ____________________________ to us. (to speak)
9. You ___________________________ presents. (to buy)
10. They ___________________________ a trip. (to plan)
Answers

9. Following the model of the example, rewrite the following two affirmative statements as questions, negative statements, negative questions without contractions, negative questions with contractions, and affirmative statements followed by negative tag questions. For example:
They have been enjoying themselves.
Have they been enjoying themselves?
They have not been enjoying themselves.
Have they not been enjoying themselves?
Haven’t they been enjoying themselves?
They have been enjoying themselves, haven’t they?

1. It has been snowing.
2. You have been visiting your friends.
Answers

ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES for Chapter 4

Answers to Exercise 1:
1. have ordered 2. has started 3. have answered 4. have cooked 5. have heated 6. has cleaned 7. has started 8. have knocked 9. have turned 10. has asked

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. I’ve agreed. 2. You’ve moved. 3. He’s looked. 4. We’ve argued. 5. They’ve explained. 6. You’ve waited. 7. She’s answered. 8. We’ve finished. 9. It’s cooled. 10. I’ve ordered.

Answers to Exercise 3:
1. have envied 2. has played 3. have applied 4. have fried 5. have employed 6. has sprayed 7. have hurried 8. have displayed 9. has destroyed 10. have relied

Answers to Exercise 4:
1. has apologized 2. have stirred 3. has stopped 4. have explained 5. have planned 6. have wiped 7. have pinned 8. has joined 9. have spotted 10. has rained 11. have whipped 12. has arranged

Answers to Exercise 5:
1. 2 2. 1 3. 1 4. 2 5. 2 6. 2 7. 2 8. 1 9. 1 10. 2 11. 1 12. 1 13. 2 14. 1 15. 1 16. 2 17. 2 18. 1 19. 1 20. 2

Answers to Exercise 6:
1. have eaten 2. have swept 3. has sung 4. have gone 5. have lost 6. has risen 7. have spoken 8. have seen 9. have known 10. has flown 11. has been 12. have cut 13. have written 14. have won 15. has told 16. has taken 17. have forgotten 18. have heard 19. have left 20. has understood

Answers to Exercise 7:
1. Have they eaten the cookies? They have not eaten the cookies. Have they not eaten the cookies? Haven’t they eaten the cookies? They have eaten the cookies, haven’t they?
2. Has she told the truth? She has not told the truth. Has she not told the truth? Hasn’t she told the truth? She has told the truth, hasn’t she?
3. Has he run fast? He has not run fast. Has he not run fast? Hasn’t he run fast? He has run fast, hasn’t he?
4. Have we watered the plants? We have not watered the plants. Have we not watered the plants? Haven’t we watered the plants? We have watered the plants, haven’t we?
5. Have you hurried? You have not hurried. Have you not hurried? Haven’t you hurried? You have hurried, haven’t you?

Answers to Exercise 8:
1. have been waiting 2. have been running 3. has been reading 4. have been writing 5. have been setting 6. has been raining 7. have been living 8. has been speaking 9. have been buying 10. have been planning

Answers to Exercise 9:
1. Has it been snowing? It has not been snowing. Has it not been snowing? Hasn’t it been snowing? It has been snowing, hasn’t it?
2. Have you been visiting your friends? You have not been visiting your friends. Have you not been visiting your friends? Haven’t you been visiting your friends? You have been visiting your friends, haven’t you?

Presente perfecto de verbos irregulares – Formation of the present perfect: Irregular verbs

Formation of the present perfect: Irregular verbs

In addition to regular English verbs, there are many irregular English verbs, which do not form the past participle with the ending ed. The English irregular verbs are related to the strong verbs of the German language. The following are examples of irregular English verbs. For example:

Bare Infinitive Past Participle
begin begun
find found
go gone
let let
take taken

The past participles of irregular English verbs are formed in an unpredictable manner, and must be memorized. A table of common English irregular verbs is provided.

Except for the irregularity of the past participle, the formation of the Present Perfect tense is the same for an irregular verb as for a regular verb. In both cases, the Simple Present of the auxiliary to have is followed by the past participle of the verb.

For instance, the irregular verb to take has the past participle taken. Thus, the Present Perfect of the irregular verb to take is conjugated as follows:

I have taken
you have taken
he has taken
she has taken
it has taken
we have taken
they have taken

Traducción:

Formación de la presente perfecto: los verbos irregulares

Además de los verbos regulares Inglés, hay muchos verbos irregulares Inglés, que no forman el participio pasado con el fin ed. El Inglés verbos irregulares están relacionados con los verbos fuertes de la lengua alemana. Los siguientes son ejemplos de verbos irregulares Inglés. Por ejemplo:

El pasado participio de los verbos irregulares Inglés se forman de manera impredecible, y debe ser memorizado. Una tabla de verbos irregulares Inglés se ofrece.

Salvo en el caso de la irregularidad del pasado participio, la formación de la actual perfecto es el mismo para un verbo irregular como para un verbo regular. En ambos casos, la simple actual de la auxiliar que es seguido por el participio pasado del verbo.

Por ejemplo, el verbo irregular se ha de tomar el pasado participio adoptadas. Por lo tanto, el presente perfecto de los verbos irregulares a tomar es conjugada de la siguiente manera:

Uso del presente perfecto en inglés – Use of the present perfect

Use of the present perfect

The English Present Perfect tense is used to express actions which have already been completed, or perfected, at the time of speaking or writing. In the examples given below, the verbs in the Present Perfect tense are underlined.
e.g. I have done the work.
She has answered half the questions.

In the first example, the use of the Present Perfect tense emphasizes the fact that, at the time of speaking or writing, the work has already been completed. In the second example, the use of the Present Perfect indicates that, at the time of speaking or writing, half the questions have been answered.


Traducción:

El uso de la presente perfecto

El Presente Perfecto Inglés tensa se utiliza para expresar acciones que ya se han completado, o perfeccionado, en el momento de hablar o escribir. En los ejemplos que figuran a continuación, los verbos en el presente perfecto tensa están subrayados.
por ejemplo, He hecho el trabajo.
Ella ha respondido a la mitad de las preguntas.

En el primer ejemplo, el uso de la Presente perfecto hace hincapié en el hecho de que, en el momento de hablar o escribir, el trabajo ya se ha completado. En el segundo ejemplo, el uso de la Presente Perfecto indica que, en el momento de hablar o escribir, la mitad de las preguntas han sido respondidas.

LESSON 13 Present Perfect (Pretérito Perfecto)

LESSON 13
Present Perfect (Pretérito Perfecto)

· El “present perfect” es un tiempo que sirve para describir acciones que acaban de suceder en el pasado y que guardan alguna relación con el presente. Equivale en castellano al pretérito perfecto:

I have bought a car.

Yo he comprado un coche: nos indica que la acción de comprar el coche acaba de realizarse.

· Si por el contrario utilizáramos el “past simple” esta conexión con  el presente se pierde:

I bought a car.

Yo compré un coche: no implica que la acción haya sido reciente, ni que aún siga teniendo ese coche.

· En las oraciones con “present perfect” no se suele mencionar el momento en el que se ha desarrollado la acción:

I have read a book.

Yo he leído un libro: la acción acaba de finalizar.

· Ya que si se mencionara el momento de su realización, entonces habría que utilizar el “past simple”:

I read a book this morning.

Yo leí un libro esta mañana

· No obstante, a veces sí se puede mencionar el periodo de tiempo en el que la acción se ha desarrollado, pero únicamente si este periodo de tiempo aún no ha finalizado:

This morning I have drunk three coffees.

Esta mañana me he tomado 3 cafés: utilizo en este caso el “present perfect” si el periodo de la mañana aún no ha terminado.

· Ya que si este periodo hubiera finalizado habría que utilizar entonces el “past simple”:

This morning I drank three coffees.

Esta mañana me tomé tres cafés: nos indica que la mañana ya finalizó.

· Otro uso típico del “present perfect” es para describir acciones que empezaron en el pasado y que aún no han finalizado:

I have lived in this city since 1980.

He vivido en esta ciudad desde 1980: implica que sigo viviendo en la ciudad.

I have played tennis since my childhood.

He jugado al tenis desde mi infancia: y sigo jugando

· Si la acción hubiera ya finalizado entonces habría que utilizar el “past simple”:

I lived in this city for 10 years.

Yo viví en esta ciudad 10 años: pero ya no vivo ahí.

I played tennis for many years.

Yo jugué al tenis muchos años: pero ya no juego.

· El “present perfect” se forma con el auxiliar “to have” en presente del indicativo (simple present), más el participio (past participle) del verbo principal:

I have listened to the news.

Yo he escuchado las noticias

She has watched TV.

Ella ha visto la tele

· La forma negativa se forma con la partícula de negación “not” entre el auxiliar y el verbo principal, y la forma interrogativa se construye con el auxiliar al comienzo de la oración, seguido del sujeto y del verbo principal:

I have not done my homework.

Yo no he hecho mis deberes.

Have you been in Seville?

¿ Has estado en Sevilla ?


VOCABULARIO

España

Spain

Finlandia

Finland

Portugal

Portugal

Suecia

Sweden

Francia

France

Rusia

Russia

Reino Unido

United Kingdom

Estados Unidos

the United States

Irlanda

Ireland

Canadá

Canada

Italia

Italy

México

Mexico

Bélgica

Belgium

China

China

Holanda

Holland

Japón

Japan

Alemania

Germany

Australia

Australia

Dinamarca

Denmark

Austria

Austria

Noruega

Norway

Grecia

Greece

EJERCICIOS:

Completa las frases. Utiliza contracciones siempre que sea posible.

1.

I  in this city.

Yo he estado en esta ciudad

2.

She  anything.

Ella no ha comido nada

3.

We  tennis.

Nosotros hemos jugado al tenis

4.

to the cinema?

¿Has ido al cine?

5.

She  this book.

Ella no ha leído este libro

6.

We  at home.

Nosotros hemos comido en casa

7.

my sister?

¿Has visto tú a mi hermana?

8.

The kids  their homework.

Los niños han hecho sus deberes

9.

We  this film.

Nosotros hemos visto esta película

10.

a new car?

¿Te has comprado un coche nuevo?

SOLUCIONES:

1.

I have been in this city.

Yo he estado en esta ciudad

2.

She hasn’t eaten anything.

Ella no ha comido nada

3.

We have played tennis.

Nosotros hemos jugado al tenis

4.

Have you gone to the cinema?

¿Has ido al cine?

5.

She hasn’t read this book.

Ella no ha leído este libro

6.

We have eaten at home.

Nosotros hemos comido en casa

7.

Have you seen my sister?

¿Has visto tú a mi hermana?

8.

The kids have done their homework.

Los niños han hecho sus deberes

9.

We have watched this film.

Nosotros hemos visto esta película

10.

Have you bought a new car?

¿Te has comprado un coche nuevo?