Tag Archive for 'Present Continuous'

Present Continuous en inglés – Presente continuo

Cuando se quiere expresar una acción que sigue ejecutándose al momento en que se enuncia, se emplea el tiempo Presente Continuo (Present Continuous).

La forma en que se conjuga este tiempo es bastante simple: se usa el verbo to be conjugado en presente seguido del gerundio del verbo en cuestión (se agrega -ing, por lo cual los estudiantes lo reconocen fácilmente).

John is reading a book.
She is having breakfast now.

Para realizar preguntas en este tiempo verbal, se usa primero el verbo to be conjugado, luego la persona y finalmente el verbo.

Is John reading a book?
Yes, he is.

Is she having breakfast now?
No, she isn’t.

Para realizar una pregunta específica, se usa la “question word” y luego, se sigue el mismo método.

What is John reading?
He is reading a book.

What is she having now?
She is having breakfast now.

Se puede realizar una pregunta mucho más general para saber que está haciendo una persona, usando el verbo to do (hacer).

What are you doing?

I’m reading a book.

Pues entonces, piense cómo diría lo siguiente en inglés? Estoy usando mi computadora.

Ejercicios de presente continuo – Present Continuous tense Exercices

1. Using the Present Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
He _________ hard. (to work)
He is working hard.

We ____________ anxious. (to feel)
We are feeling anxious.

1. I _______________ the questions. (to answer)
2. You ________________ boots. (to wear)
3. We ______________ for work. (to look)
4. She ______________ her friend. (to call)
5. He _______________ a house. (to build)
6. They _______________ supper. (to cook)
7. We ______________ a story. (to tell)
8. You ______________ for the bus. (to wait)
9. I _______________ a book. (to read)
10. They _______________ berries. (to pick)
Answers

2. Using the Present Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
They _____________ the lemons. (to squeeze)
They are squeezing the lemons.

It ________ on the sidewalk. (to lie)
It is lying on the sidewalk.

I ___________ the groceries. (to carry)
I am carrying the groceries.

1. She ________________ a letter. (to write)
2. They _________________ about it. (to worry)
3. He _________________ jam. (to make)
4. It _________________. (to die)
5. We _______________ to school. (to hurry)
6. She _________________ us to do it. (to dare)
7. You ________________ on the blanket. (to lie)
8. He _________________ the problem. (to solve)
9. I _________________ now. (to leave)
10. They _________________ to help us. (to try)
Answers

3. Using the Present Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
We ___________ to come. (to plan)
We are planning to come.

They _________ the lawn. (to mow)
They are mowing the lawn.

It __________. (to rain)
It is raining.

1. I _______________ the grass. (to cut)
2. It _______________ downstream. (to float)
3. They _________________ the game. (to win)
4. We _________________ the present. (to wrap)
5. She _________________ lettuce. (to grow)
6. He _________________ for us. (to look)
7. I _________________ a sweater. (to knit)
8. They _________________ wood. (to saw)
9. She _________________ the windows. (to clean)
10. We _________________ the floor. (to scrub)
11. I ________________ the toaster. (to fix)
12. He _________________ his coffee. (to sip)
13. They __________________ the hedge. (to trim)
14. You _________________ the ducks. (to feed)
15. She _________________ her head. (to nod)
Answers

4. Each of the following sentences is preceded by a bare infinitive, the most heavily stressed syllable of which is underlined. Paying attention to whether or not the final consonant should be doubled before ing is added, fill in the blanks with the present participles corresponding to the bare infinitives. Use the American spelling for verbs ending in l. For example:
whisper: They are __________ to their friends.
They are whispering to their friends.

refer: I was _________ to your letter.
I was referring to your letter.

1. open: I am _____________ the door.
2. display: She is ______________ her talents.
3. submit: He is _______________ his report tomorrow.
4. limit: The store is _____________ the number of items on sale.
5. permit: We are not _____________ him to go.
6. sharpen: They are _______________ the pencils.
7. confer: She is ________________ with her colleagues.
8. focus: He is ________________ the camera.
9. repel: They are ________________ the attack.
10. shovel: I am ________________ the steps.
11. destroy: Hail is _______________ the crops.
12. dispel: They are _______________ our doubts.
13. squander: He is _______________ his money.
14. prefer: We are _______________ our new school to the old one.
15. color: The child is ______________ the picture.
16. unravel: We are _____________ the wool.
17. propel: Jet engines are _______________ the plane.
18. flower: The pansies are _______________
19. infer: They are ______________ that we do not want to come.
20. listen: The children are ______________ to us.
Answers

5. Change the following affirmative statements into questions. For example:
It is snowing.
Is it snowing?

They are being cautious.
Are they being cautious?

1. I am learning English.
2. You are carrying a parcel.
3. It is growing colder.
4. We are living in Halifax.
5. They are running a race.
6. He is drinking coffee.
7. She is shopping for presents.
8. I am cleaning the window.
9. We are buying pencils.
10. They are playing football.
Answers

6. Change the affirmative statements given in Exercise 5 into negative statements. For example:
It is snowing.
It is not snowing.

They are being cautious.
They are not being cautious.
Answers

7. Change the affirmative statements given in Exercise 5 into negative questions. Except when the subject of the verb is I, write both the form without contractions and the form with contractions. For example:
It is snowing.
Is it not snowing?
Isn’t it snowing?

They are being cautious.
Are they not being cautious?
Aren’t they being cautious?
Answers

8. Add negative tag questions to the affirmative statements given in Exercise 5. Except when the subject of the verb is I, use contractions for the tag questions. For example:
It is snowing.
It is snowing, isn’t it?

They are being cautious.
They are being cautious, aren’t they?
Answers

9. For each of the following sentences, determine whether the Simple Present tense or the Present Continuous tense is more appropriate, and fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb given in brackets. For example:
Right now, he ________ ridiculous. (to be)
Right now, he is being ridiculous.

She ______ to Sydney every weekend. (to drive)
She drives to Sydney every weekend.

1. At the moment, I __________________ supper. (to cook)
2. He ________________ the paper every weekday. (to read)
3. We ________________ right now. (to study)
4. She ________________ every day. (to study)
5. Now it _______________. (to rain)
6. They ______________ to Mexico every year. (to travel)
7. Just now we ________________ the shopping. (to do)
8. She always ________________ correctly.( to answer)
9. You ________________ never late. (to be)
10. Now I ________________ to the radio. (to listen)
11. Each Sunday, we ________________ the flea market. (to visit)
12. At present, I ________________ for work. (to look)
Answers

ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES for Chapter 3

Answers to Exercise 1:
1. am answering 2. are wearing 3. are looking 4. is calling 5. is building 6. are cooking 7. are telling 8. are waiting 9. am reading 10. are picking

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. is writing 2. are worrying 3. is making 4. is dying 5. are hurrying 6. is daring 7. are lying 8. is solving 9. am leaving 10. are trying

Answers to Exercise 3:
1. am cutting 2. is floating 3. are winning 4. are wrapping 5. is growing 6. is looking 7. am knitting 8. are sawing 9. is cleaning 10. are scrubbing 11. am fixing 12. is sipping 13. are trimming 14. are feeding 15. is nodding

Answers to Exercise 4:
1. opening 2. displaying 3. submitting 4. limiting 5. permitting 6. sharpening 7. conferring 8. focusing 9. repelling 10. shoveling 11. destroying 12. dispelling 13. squandering 14. preferring 15. coloring 16. unraveling 17. propelling 18. flowering 19. inferring 20. listening

Answers to Exercise 5:
1. Am I learning English? 2. Are you carrying a parcel? 3. Is it growing colder? 4. Are we living in Halifax? 5. Are they running a race? 6. Is he drinking coffee? 7. Is she shopping for presents? 8. Am I cleaning the window? 9. Are we buying pencils? 10. Are they playing football?

Answers to Exercise 6:
1. I am not learning English. 2. You are not carrying a parcel. 3. It is not growing colder. 4. We are not living in Halifax. 5. They are not running a race. 6. He is not drinking coffee. 7. She is not shopping for presents. 8. I am not cleaning the window. 9. We are not buying pencils. 10. They are not playing football.

Answers to Exercise 7:
1. Am I not learning English? 2. Are you not carrying a parcel? Aren’t you carrying a parcel? 3. Is it not growing colder? Isn’t it growing colder? 4. Are we not living in Halifax? Aren’t we living in Halifax? 5. Are they not running a race? Aren’t they running a race? 6. Is he not drinking coffee? Isn’t he drinking coffee? 7. Is she not shopping for presents? Isn’t she shopping for presents? 8. Am I not cleaning the window? 9. Are we not buying pencils? Aren’t we buying pencils? 10. Are they not playing football? Aren’t they playing football?

Answers to Exercise 8:
1. I am learning English, am I not? 2. You are carrying a parcel, aren’t you? 3. It is growing colder, isn’t it? 4. We are living in Halifax, aren’t we? 5. They are running a race, aren’t they? 6. He is drinking coffee, isn’t he? 7. She is shopping for presents, isn’t she? 8. I am cleaning the window, am I not? 9. We are buying pencils, aren’t we? 10. They are playing football, aren’t they?

Answers to Exercise 9:
1. am cooking 2. reads 3. are studying 4. studies 5. is raining 6. travel 7. are doing 8. answers 9. are 10. am listening 11. visit 12. am looking

Tag questions con gerundio en inglés – Tag questions with present continuous

Tag questions
Tag questions are also formed using the auxiliary. In the following examples, the tag questions are underlined. In spoken English, aren’t I? is often used as a tag question. For example:

Affirmative Statement Affirmative Statement with Tag Question
I am working. I am working, am I not?
You are working. You are working, aren’t you?
He is working. He is working, isn’t he?
She is working. She is working, isn’t she?
It is working. It is working, isn’t it?
We are working. We are working, aren’t we?
They are working. They are working, aren’t they?

Traducción

Tag questions
Tag questions también se forman utilizando el auxiliar. En los siguientes ejemplos, la Tag questions están subrayados. En Inglés hablado, aren’t I? se utiliza a menudo como una tag question. Por ejemplo:

Declaración afirmativa declaración afirmativa con la etiqueta pregunta
Estoy trabajando. Estoy trabajando, ¿no?
Usted está trabajando. Usted está trabajando, ¿no?
Él está trabajando. Él está trabajando, ¿no?
Ella está trabajando. Ella está trabajando, ¿no?
Es trabajo. Se está trabajando, ¿no?
Estamos trabajando. Estamos trabajando, ¿no?
Ellos están trabajando. Ellos están trabajando, ¿no es así?

Preguntas negativas con gerundio en inglés – Negative questions with Present Continuous

Negative questions
To form a negative question, the auxiliary is placed before the subject, and the word not is placed after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the auxiliary. Although there is no universally accepted contraction for am not, the expression aren’t I? is often used in spoken English. For example:

Without Contractions With Contractions
Am I not working? [Aren't I working?] – used in speaking
Are you not working? Aren’t you working?
Is he not working? Isn’t he working?
Is she not working? Isn’t she working?
Is it not working? Isn’t it working?
Are we not working? Aren’t we working?
Are they not working? Aren’t they working?

Traducción

Negativo preguntas
Para formar una cuestión negativa, el auxiliar se coloca antes de este asunto, y la palabra no se coloca después de este tema. Sin embargo, cuando las contracciones se utilizan, la forma de contratados no sigue inmediatamente después de la auxiliar. Aunque no existe una aceptación universal de la contracción no soy, la expresión no se yo? se usa a menudo hablan en Inglés. Por ejemplo:

Formación del presente contínuo – Formation of the present continuous

The Present Continuous tense of any verb is formed from the Simple Present of the auxiliary to be, followed by what is generally referred to as the present participle of the verb.

The present participle of a verb is formed by adding ing to the bare infinitive. For instance, the present participle of the verb to work is working.

Thus, the Present Continuous tense of the verb to work is conjugated as follows:

I am working
you are working
he is working
she is working
it is working
we are working
they are working

Traducción:

El presente continuo de cualquier verbo está formado a partir de la simple actual de los auxiliares de ser, seguido por lo que generalmente se refiere a que el participio presente del verbo.

El presente participio de un verbo está formado por la adición de acuerdo con el infinitivo. Por ejemplo, el participio presente del verbo trabajar es trabajando.

Por lo tanto, el presente continuo del verbo trabajar es conjugada de la siguiente manera:

Yo estoy trabajando
tu estás trabajando
él está trabajando
ella está trabajando
está trabajando
nosotros estamos trabajando
ellos/ellas están trabajando

El uso del present continuous – Uses of the present continuous

In English, the Present Continuous tense is usually used to express continuing, ongoing actions which are taking place at the moment of speaking or writing. In the examples given below, the verbs in the Present Continuous tense are underlined.
e.g. Right now I am cooking supper.
At the moment the plane is flying over the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

The Present Continuous tense is often used in conversation.
e.g. “What are you doing?”
“I am working on my English assignment.”

Occasionally, the Present Continuous tense is used to refer to a future event.
e.g. We are leaving tomorrow.

Traducción:

En Inglés, el presente continuo normalmente se usa para expresar continua, las acciones en curso que están teniendo lugar en el momento de hablar o escribir. En los ejemplos que figuran a continuación, los verbos en el presente continuo están subrayados.
por ejemplo, En este momento estoy cocinando la cena.
En el momento en que el avión está volando sobre el Golfo de San Lorenzo.

El presente continuo se utiliza a menudo en la conversación.
por ejemplo, “¿Qué estás haciendo?”
“Estoy trabajando en mi labor de Inglés”.

Ocasionalmente, el presente continuo se utiliza para referirse a un acontecimiento futuro.
por ejemplo, Nos están dejando de mañana.

LESSON 7 Present Continuous (Presente Continuo)

LESSON 7
Present Continuous (Presente Continuo)

· Se utiliza para describir acciones que se están desarrollando en este mismo momento:

I am reading a book.

Yo estoy leyendo un libro (en este preciso instante)

You are playing football.

Tú estás jugando al futbol

· También se utiliza para describir acciones que se están desarrollando alrededor del momento en el que se habla, aunque no necesariamente en ese preciso instante:

I am studying French.

Yo estoy estudiando francés (me he matriculado en una academia, pero no necesariamente en este preciso momento estoy con los libros de francés)

· Asimismo, se utiliza para describir una acción que va a tener lugar en el futuro próximo y sobre la que se ha tomado una resolución firme. En este caso, siempre se tiene que mencionar el tiempo en el que se va a desarrollar la acción:

I am going to London next week.

Yo voy a Londres la próxima semana (la acción se va a desarrollar en el futuro próximo y existe una decisión firme por mi parte de llevarla a cabo)

· Otro uso del presente continuo es para describir acciones que se vienen repitiendo con frecuencia; en este caso, la oración viene acompañada del adverbio “always” (siempre):

He is always working.

El está siempre trabajando (con el significado de que trabaja frecuentemente, quizás, incluso, excesivamente)

· Formación del “present continuous”: se construye con el presente del indicativo del verbo “to be”, en su función de verbo auxiliar, y el “present participle” ( = gerundio) del verbo principal.

Afirmación

Negación

Interrogación

I am eating

I´m not eating

Am I eating?

You are eating

You aren´t  eating

Are you eating?

He / she is eating

He / she isn´t  eating

Is he/she eating?

We are eating

We aren’t eating

Are we eating?

You are eating

You aren’t eating

Are you eating?

They are eating

They aren’t eating

Are they eating?


VOCABULARIO

Carne

Meat

Mermelada

Marmalade

Pescado

Fish

Queso

Cheese

Huevo

Egg

Patata

Potato

Azúcar

Sugar

Tomate

Tomato

Harina

Flour

Lechuga

Lettuce

Sal

Salt

Pimiento

Pepper

Aceite

Oil

Zanahoria

Carrot

Vinagre

Vinegar

Salchicha

Sausage

Leche

Milk

Nata

Cream

Mantequilla

Butter

Galleta

Cookie

Pan

Bread

Tostada

Toast

EJERCICIOS:

Completa las frases. Utiliza contracciones siempre que sea posible.

1.

Yo estoy leyendo

2.

Tú no estás leyendo

3.

¿Está él leyendo?

4.

Nosotros estamos jugando

5.

Vosotros no estáis jugando

6.

¿Están ellos jugando?

7.

Yo estoy tomando un café

8.

Tú no estás tomando un café

9.

¿Está él tomando una taza de té?

10.

Yo estoy escuchando música

SOLUCIONES:

1.

I am reading.

Yo estoy leyendo

2.

You aren’t reading.

Tú no estás leyendo

3.

Is he reading?

¿Está él leyendo?

4.

We are playing.

Nosotros estamos jugando

5.

You aren’t playing.

Vosotros no estáis jugando

6.

Are they playing?

¿Están ellos jugando?

7.

I am having a coffee.

Yo estoy tomando un café

8.

You aren’t having a coffee.

Tú no estás tomando un café

9.

Is he having a cup of tea?

¿Está él tomando una taza de té?

10.

I am listening to music.

Yo estoy escuchando música