Tag Archive for 'nivel básico'

Citas sobre la conducta y el comportamiento en inglés

Quotations on Behavior
(conducta, comportamiento)
Alfred Adler “The test of one’s behavior pattern; relationship to society, relationship to one’s work, relationship to sex.”
W. H. Auden “Of course, behaviorism works. So does torture. Give me a no-nonsense, down-to-earth behaviorist, a few drugs, and simple electrical appliances, and in six months I will have him reciting the Athanasian Creed in public.”
Otto Von Bismarck “With a gentleman I am always a gentleman and a half, and with a fraud I try to be a fraud and a half.”
Burrhus Frederic Skinner “Physics does not change the nature of the world it studies, and no science of behavior can change the essential nature of man, even though both sciences yield technologies with a vast power to manipulate the subject matters.”
Francis Beaumont “Our natures are a lot like oil, mix us with anything else, and we strive to swim on top.”
George W. Crane “Act the way you’d like to be and soon you’ll be the way you act.”
Leonard Cohen “What is the appropriate behavior for a man or a woman in the midst of this world, where each person is clinging to his piece of debris? What’s the proper salutation between people as they pass each other in this flood?”
Albert Einstein “Though our conduct seems so very different from that of the higher animals, the primary instincts are much alike in them and in us.”
Cesare Pavese “Perfect behavior is born of complete indifference.”
Noam Chomsky “Suppose that humans happen to be so constructed that they desire the opportunity for freely undertaken productive work. Suppose that they want to be free from the meddling of technocrats and commissars, bankers and tycoons, mad bombers who engage in psychological tests of will with peasants defending their homes, behavioral scientists who can’t tell a pigeon from a poet, or anyone else who tries to wish freedom and dignity out of existence or beat them into oblivion.”
Francois De La Rochefoucauld “We like to see others, but don’t like others to see through us.”
Orson Welles “I don’t say we all ought to misbehave, but we ought to look as if we could.”
Proverb “The wolf changes his coat, but not his disposition.”
Doug Horton “We are all serving a life sentence, and good behavior is our only hope for a pardon.”
Wilson Mizner “Be nice to people on your way up because you’ll meet them on your way down.”
Emma Thompson “I place a high moral value on the way people behave. I find it repellent to have a lot, and to behave with anything other than courtesy in the old sense of the word — politeness of the heart, a gentleness of the spirit.”
Hector Hugh Munro “It’s no use growing older if you only learn new ways of misbehaving yourself.”
Source Unknown “What we are doing at the moment is more that just one thing added to the rest; it is a memoir.”
E. G. Stakman “When man learns to understand and control his own behavior as well as he is learning to understand and control the behavior of crop plants and domestic animals, he may be justified in believing that he has become civilized.”
Richard D. Rosen If we ever do end up acting just like rats or Pavlov’s dogs, it will be largely because behaviorism has conditioned us to do so.”

Citas sobre la paz en inglés

Quotations on Peace
(paz)
Bernard M. Baruch “If the history of the past fifty years teaches us anything, it is that peace does not follow disarmament — disarmament follows peace.”
Ambrose Bierce “Peace, in international affairs, is a period of cheating between two periods of fighting.”
Basil O’Connor “The world cannot continue to wage war like physical giants and to seek peace like intellectual pygmies.”
Peace Pilgrim “This is the way of peace: Overcome evil with good, falsehood with truth, and hatred with love.”
Peter Nicols “Peace is no more than a dream as long as we need the comfort of the clan.”
Swami Brahmanada “In truth, to attain to interior peace, one must be willing to pass through the contrary to peace. Such is the teaching of the Sages.”
A. J. Muste “There is no way to peace. Peace is the way.”
Source Unknown “The best way to end a war is not to begin it.”
George Washington “To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preserving peace.”
Woodrow T. Wilson “There is a price which is too great to pay for peace, and that price can be put in one word. One cannot pay the price of self-respect.”
Mao Zedong “War can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun.”
Harry S. Truman “It is understanding that gives us an ability to have peace. When we understand the other fellow’s viewpoint, and he understands ours, then we can sit down and work out our differences.”

Robert Fulghum “Peace is not something you wish for; It’s something you make, Something you do, Something you are, And something you give away.”
Albert Camus “We used to wonder where war lived, what it was that made it so vile. And now we realize that we know where it lives, that it is inside ourselves.”
Mao Zedong “War can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun.”

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Citas sobre la felicidad en inglés

Quotations on Hapiness
(felicidad)
Thomas Szasz “Happiness is an imaginary condition, formerly often attributed by the living to the dead, now usually attributed by adults to children, and by children to adults.”
Barbara De Angelis “No one is in control of your happiness but you; therefore, you have the power to change anything about yourself or your life that you want to change.”
Francois De La Rochefoucauld “We are never so happy nor so unhappy as we imagine.”
Solon “Let no man be called happy before his death. Till then, he is not happy, only lucky.”
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe “Happiness is a ball after which we run wherever it rolls, and we push it with our feet when it stops.”
Henry David Thoreau “We are made happy when reason can discover no occasion for it. The memory of some past moments is more persuasive than the experience of present ones. There have been visions of such breadth and brightness that these motes were invisible in their light.”
Alexander Smith “We are never happy; we can only remember that we were so once.”
Socrates “Happiness is unrepentant pleasure.”
Henri Frederic Amiel “To live we must conquer incessantly, we must have the courage to be happy.”
Joseph Farrall “Enjoy your happiness while you have it, and while, you have it do not too closely scrutinize its foundation.”
Johann G. Fichte “If we cannot live so as to be happy, let us so live as to deserve happiness.”
Robertson Davies “Happiness is always a by-product. It is probably a matter of temperament, and for anything I know it may be glandular. But it is not something that can be demanded from life, and if you are not happy you had better stop worrying about it and see what treasures you can pluck from your own brand of unhappiness.”
Dalai Lama “If you want others to be happy, practice compassion. If you want to be happy, practice compassion.”
Democritus “Happiness resides not in possessions, and not in gold, happiness dwells in the soul.”
Nathaniel Hawthorne “Happiness in this world, when it comes, comes incidentally. Make it the object of pursuit, and it leads us a wild-goose chase, and is never attained.”
Ken Keyes Jr. “Happiness is experienced when your life gives you what you are willing to accept.”

Citas sobre la vida en inglés

Quotations on Life
(vida)
Hans Christian Anderson “Every man’s life is a fairy tale written by God’s finger.”
Walter Benjamin “We have long forgotten the ritual by which the house of our life was erected. But when it is under assault and enemy bombs are already taking their toll, what enervated, perverse antiquities do they not lay bare in the foundations.”
Josh Billings “Life consists not in holding good cards but in playing those you hold well.”
Viktor E. Frankl “Only to the extent that someone is living out this self transcendence of human existence, is he truly human or does he become his true self. He becomes so, not by concerning himself with his self’s actualization, but by forgetting himself and giving himself, overlooking himself and focusing outward.”
Tom Stoppard “Life is a gamble at terrible odds, if it were a bet, you would not take it.”
Henry Giles “People creep into childhood, bound into youth, sober in adulthood, and soften into old age.”
George Santayana “The aim of life is some way of living, as flexible and gentle as human nature; so that ambition may stoop to kindness, and philosophy to condor and humor. Neither prosperity nor empire nor heaven can be worth winning at the price of a virulent temper, bloody hands, an anguished spirit, and a vain hatred of the rest of the world.”
Source Unknown “The truest end of life, is to find the life that doesn’t end.”
Adlai E. Stevenson “It is not the years in your life but the life in your years that counts!”
Robert Fulghum “I believe that imagination is stronger than knowledge — that myth is more potent than history. I believe that dreams are more powerful than facts — That hope always triumphs over experience — That laughter is the only cure for grief. And I believe that love is stronger than death.”
Oliver Goldsmith “The life of man is a journey; a journey that must be traveled, however bad the roads or the accommodation.”

Citas de amor en inglés

Quotations on Love
(amor)
Vincent Van Gogh “Love is something eternal; the aspect may change, but not the essence.”
Henry Ward Beecher “Young love is a flame; very pretty, often very hot and fierce, but still only light and flickering. The love of the older and disciplined heart is as coals, deep-burning, unquenchable.”
Gilbert K. Chesterton “The way to love anything is to realize that it might be lost.”
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe “That is the true season of love; when we believe that we alone can love, that no one could ever have loved as much before, and that no one will ever love in the same way again.”
Virginia Woolf “For love… has two faces; one white, the other black; two bodies; one smooth, the other hairy. It has two hands, two feet, two tails, two, indeed, of every member and each one is the exact opposite of the other. Yet, so strictly are they joined together”
Fyodor Dostoevski “Love all that has been created by God, both the whole and every grain of sand. Love every leaf and every ray of light. Love the beasts and the birds, love the plants, love every separate fragment. If you love each fragment, you will understand the mystery of the whole resting in God.”
Etienne “We always come back to our first love.”
Gary Zukav “When you interact with another, an illusion is part of this dynamic. This illusion allows each soul to perceive what it needs to understands in order to heal.”
John Dryden “Love works a different way in different minds, the fool it enlightens and the wise it blinds.”
Johannes Tauler “For where there is true love, a man is neither out of measure lifted up by prosperity, nor cast down by mishap; whether you give or take away from him, so long as he keeps his beloved, he has a spring of inward peace. Thus, even though thy outward man grieve, or weep downright, that may well be borne, if only thy inner man remain at peace, perfectly content with the will of God.”
Irwin Federman “People love others not for who they are, but for how they make them feel.”
Mark Van Doren “To fail to love is not to exist at all.”
Jean Anouilh “There is love of course. And then there’s life, its enemy.”
Sting “Love is stronger than justice.”
Zelda Fitzgerald “I don’t want to live — I want to love first, and live incidentally.”
Francois De La Rochefoucauld “If we are to judge of love by its consequences, it more nearly resembles hatred than friendship.”

Conjugación verbo do (hacer)

Conjugación verbo do (hacer)

infinitivo: to do
presente: do / does
pasado: did
participio: done

Modo indicativo

Presente (present simple): yo hago, tú haces, él hace..
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I do It does
You do We do
He does You do
She does They do

Pretérito imperfecto /pasado simple (past simple): yo hacía, tú hacías, él hacía…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I did It did
You did We did
He did You did
She did They did

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he hecho, tú has hecho, él ha hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have done It has done
You have done We have done
He has done You have done
She has done They have done

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube hecho, tú habías /hubiste hecho, él había /hubo hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had done It had done
You had done We had done
He had done You had done
She had done They had done

Futuro (future): yo haré, tú harás, él hará…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will do It will do
You will do We will do
He will do You will do
She will do They will do

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré hecho, tú habras hecho, él habrá hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have done It will have done
You will have done We will have done
He will have done You will have done
She will have done They will have done

Condicional (conditional): yo haría, tú harías, él haría…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would do It would do
You would do We would do
He would do You would do
She would do They would do

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera hecho, tú habrías o hubieras hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have done It would have done
You would have done We would have done
He would have done You would have done
She would have done They would have done

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo haga, tú hagas, él haga…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I do It do
You do We do
He do You do
She do They do

Pretérito imperfecto: yo hiciera, tú hicieras, él hiciera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I did It did
You did We did
He did You did
She did They did

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera hecho, tú hubieras hecho, él hubiera hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had done It had done
You had done We had done
He had done You had done
She had done They had done

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Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

infinitivo: to have
presente: have / has
pasado: had
participio: had

Modo indicativo

Presente (Present simple): yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene …
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I have It has
You have We have
He has You have
She has They have

Pretérito imperfecto / pasado simple (past simple): yo tenía, él tenía, tú tenías…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he tenido, tú has tenido, él ha tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have had It has had
You have had We have had
He has had You have had
She has had They have had

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube tenido, tú habías / hubiste tenido, él había / hubo tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

Futuro (future): yo tendré, tú tendrás, él tendrá…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will have It will have
You will have We will have
He will have You will have
She will have They will have

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré tenido, tú habras tenido, él habrá tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have had It will have had
You will have had We will have had
He will have had You will have had
She will have had They will have had

Condicional (conditional): yo tendría, tú tendrías, él tendría…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would have It would have
You would have We would have
He would have You would have
She would have They would have

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera tenido, tú habrías o hubieras tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have had It would have had
You would have had We would have had
He would have had You would have had
She would have had They would have had

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo tenga, tú tengas, él tenga…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I have It have
You have We have
He have You have
She have They have

Pretérito imperfecto: yo tuviera, tú tuvieras, él tuviera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera tenido, tú hubieras tenido, él hubiera tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

Conjugación verbo be (ser o estar)

Conjugación verbo be (ser o estar)

infinitivo: to be
presente: am / is / are
pasado: was / were
participio: been

Modo indicativo

Presente (present): yo soy, tú eres, él es …
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I am It is
You are We are
He is You are
She is They are

Pretérito imperfecto /pasado simple (past simple): yo era, tú eras, él era…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I was It was
You were We were
He was You were
She was They were

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he sido, tú has sido, él ha sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have been It has been
You have been We have been
He has been You have been
She has been They have been

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube sido, tú habías /hubiste sido, él había /hubo sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had been It had been
You had been We had been
He had been You had been
She had been They had been

Futuro (future): yo seré, tú serás, él será…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will be It will be
You will be We will be
He will be You will be
She will be They will be

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré sido, tú habras sido, él habrá sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have been It will have been
You will have been We will have been
He will have been You will have been
She will have been They will have been

Condicional (conditional): yo sería, tú serías, él sería…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would be It would be
You would be We would be
He would be You would be
She would be They would be

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera sido, tú habrías o hubieras sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have been It would have been
You would have been We would have been
He would have been You would have been
She would have been They would have been

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo sea, tú seas, él sea…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I be It be
You be We be
He be You be
She be They be

Pretérito imperfecto: yo fuera, tú fueras, él fuera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I were It were
You were We were
He were You were
She were They were

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera sido, tú hubieras sido, él hubiera sido…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had been It had been
You had been We had been
He had been You had been
She had been They had been

Time (Decir la hora)

El tiempo – Study english: The time

La hora en inglés

Una manera fácil de decir la hora es la de decir los números tal cual:

10.20 ten twenty
2.15 two fifteen
5.45 five forty-five

Para decir las horas en punto podemos decir:

nine o nine o’clock (nueve en punto)
Pero no podemos decir: six-thirty o’clock

Podemos dar la exactitud de la hora diciendo:

11:00
eleven a.m ó eleven in the morning
eleven p.m ó eleven at night

Otra manera de decir la hora es la siguiente:

1:00 one o’clock
3:10 ten past three
4:15 a quarter past four
5:30 half past five
8:35 twenty-five to nine
9:45 a quarter to ten

Diferencias entre inglés británico e inglés americano

* a quarter past (UK) y cuarto // a quarter after (US) y cuarto
* a half past (UK) y media // thirty (US) y media

Preguntar y decir la hora

What time is it? What’s the time? (¿Qué hora es?)
It’s … (Es la… Son las…)
(At) What time … ? (¿A qué hora … ?)
It’s about … (Son aproximadamente las … )

En el inglés americano no se suele utilizar la expresión half past (y media). En su lugar tratan a la hora como si fuese digital. En cambio sí utilizan a quarter past (y cuarto) y a quarter to (menos cuarto).

No se utiliza oralmente el reloj de 24 horas excepto para el caso de horarios de aviones o trenes. Entonces para decir que son las 4:00 podemos decir four o’clock in the morning. Para decir 16:30 se diría half past four in the afternoon.

Para diferenciar la mañana de la tarde se emplea am y pm.

eleven a.m ó eleven in the morning (por la mañana)
eleven p.m ó eleven at night (por la noche)

Present simple continuos (El presente simple continuo)

Tiempos Verbales – Presente continuo
Verb Tenses – Present continuos

Gramatical Structure / Estructura Gramatical
(example with verb to talk)

Afirmative clause / Frase afirmativa
Sujeto + to be + verbo en gerundio –> I am talking (Estoy hablando)

Negative clause / Frase negativa
Sujeto + to be + not + verbo en gerundio –> I am not talking (No estoy hablando)

Interrogative clause/ Frase interrogativa
To be + sujeto + verbo en gerundio? –> Am I talking? (¿Estoy hablando?)

El presente continuo se utiliza para hablar sobre algo que está pasando en el momento en el que hablamos.
I’m writing a letter.
Estoy escribiendo una carta. He is doing some homework.
Él está haciendo algunos deberes.

También lo usamos para hablar de algo que está sucediendo en la actualidad pero no necesariamente cuando hablamos.
I’m looking for a job at the moment
En estos momentos estoy buscando trabajo.

Usamos el presente continuo para hablar de algo que está ya decidido que se hará en el futuro.

- I’m meeting a friend this evening. (He quedado con un amigo esta noche)

- What are you doing next weekend? (¿Qué vas a hacer este fin de semana?)
- we are watching a film at home. (Veremos una película en casa).

Excepciones:
Con los verbos de sentimiento: “Like, dislike, love, hate”, siempre le seguirá un verbo en gerundio (-ing). Por ejemplo: Peter loves dancing (a Pedro le encanta bailar).