Preguntas y frases negativas – Questions and negative statements

Questions and negative statements

As is the case with other English tenses, questions and negative statements in the Present Perfect are formed using the auxiliary. In the case of the Present Perfect, the auxiliary is have or has.

a. Questions
In order to form a question, the auxiliary is placed before the subject of the verb. For example:

Affirmative Statement Question
I have worked. Have I worked?
You have worked. Have you worked?
He has worked. Has he worked?
She has worked. Has she worked?
It has worked. Has it worked?
We have worked. Have we worked?
They have worked. Have they worked?

b. Negative statements
In order to form a negative statement, the word not is placed after the auxiliary. For example:

Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
I have worked. I have not worked.
You have worked. You have not worked.
He has worked. He has not worked.
She has worked. She has not worked.
It has worked. It has not worked.
We have worked. We have not worked.
They have worked. They have not worked.

The following contractions are often used in spoken English:

Without Contractions With Contractions
have not haven’t
has not hasn’t

c. Negative questions
In order to form a negative question, the auxiliary is placed before the subject, and the word not is placed after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the auxiliary. For example:

Without Contractions With Contractions
Have I not worked? Haven’t I worked?
Have you not worked? Haven’t you worked?
Has he not worked? Hasn’t he worked?
Has she not worked? Hasn’t she worked?
Has it not worked? Hasn’t it worked?
Have we not worked? Haven’t we worked?
Have they not worked? Haven’t they worked?

d. Tag questions
Tag questions are also formed using the auxiliary. In the following examples, the negative tag questions are underlined.

Affirmative Statement Affirmative Statement with Tag Question
I have worked. I have worked, haven’t I?
You have worked. You have worked, haven’t you?
He has worked. He has worked, hasn’t he?
She has worked. She has worked, hasn’t she?
It has worked. It has worked, hasn’t it?
We have worked. We have worked, haven’t we?
They have worked. They have worked, haven’t they?

Traducción:

Preguntas y frases negativas

Como es el caso de otros tiempos Inglés, preguntas y declaraciones negativas en el presente perfecto se forman utilizando el auxiliar. En el caso de el presente perfecto, el auxiliar se tiene o ha.

a. Preguntas
Con el fin de formar una pregunta, el auxiliar se coloca antes de que el sujeto del verbo. Por ejemplo:

b. Declaraciones negativas
Con el fin de una forma negativa, la palabra no se encuentra después de la auxiliar. Por ejemplo:


Los siguientes contracciones se utilizan a menudo habla en Inglés:

c. Negativo preguntas
Con el fin de formar una cuestión negativa, el auxiliar se coloca antes de este asunto, y la palabra no se coloca después de este tema. Sin embargo, cuando las contracciones se utilizan, la forma de contratados no sigue inmediatamente después de la auxiliar. Por ejemplo:

d. question tags
Etiqueta preguntas también se forman utilizando el auxiliar. En los siguientes ejemplos, la negativa etiqueta preguntas están subrayados.

Frases negativas con gerundio en inglés – Negative statements with Present Continuous

Negative statements
To form a negative statement, the word not is added after the auxiliary. For example:

Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
I am working. I am not working.
You are working. You are not working.
He is working. He is not working.
She is working. She is not working.
It is working. It is not working.
We are working. We are not working.
They are working. They are not working.

Traducción:

Declaraciones negativas
Para formar una declaración negativa, la palabra no se añade después del auxiliar. Por ejemplo:

Negative statements – Frases negativas

Negative statements
In order to form a negative statement, the Simple Present of the auxiliary do followed by the word not is placed before the bare
infinitive of the verb. For example:

Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
I work. I do not work.
You work. You do not work.
He works. He does not work.
She works. She does not work.
It works. It does not work.
We work. We do not work.
They work. They do not work.

In spoken English, the following contractions are often used:

Without contractions With contractions
do not don’t
does not doesn’t

Traducción:

Declaraciones negativas
Con el fin de formar una declaración negativa, el Presente Simple de los auxiliares do, seguido de la palabra no se encuentra ante el desnudo
infinitivo del verbo. Por ejemplo:

Declaración afirmativa declaración negativa

Negative statements – Frases negativas con To Be

In the Simple Present of the verb to be, negative statements are formed by adding the word not after the verb.
e.g. I am not awake.
They are not ready.
In the first example, not follows the verb am. In the second example, not follows the verb are.

In spoken English, the following contractions are often used:

Without contractions With contractions
is not isn’t
are not aren’t

Traducción:

En el presente simple del verbo ser, declaraciones negativas se forman mediante la adición de la palabra, no después de que el verbo.
por ejemplo, No estoy despierto.
Ellos no están listos.
En el primer ejemplo, no sigue el verbo horas. En el segundo ejemplo, no sigue el verbo son.

En Inglés hablado, las siguientes contracciones se utilizan con frecuencia:

Sin contracciones con contracciones