Aprender Inglés con las aventuras de un detective privado.

Rick Mansworth es un detective privado. En el desarrollo de sus aventuras tu nivel del inglés puede ampliarse ampliamente al practicar tu Reading así como una serie de importantes conceptos gramaticales. Ésta es una manera interesante y divertida de aprender ya que no sólo puedes seguir los tropiezos de este personaje de gabardina, sino que también, puedes decidir el tipo de lío en el que se enredará. Hacia el final de cada uno de los episodios que ofrece la trama, encontrarás un práctico ejercicio con el cual los conocimientos adquiridos en la lectura terminarán de afianzarse.

http://www.mansioningles.com/practica_rick01.htm

Describir Gente: descripciones de personas en ingles

Si tuvieras un amigo que vive en los Estados Unidos con el cual te comunicas en inglés y en algún punto llega a decirte Descríbeme a esa persona que te gusta, ¿qué palabras usarías? Es necesario como parte de un íntegro aprendizaje del idioma inglés, desarrollar el vocabulario. Esta lista titulada Describiendo Gente apunta, en orden alfabético, hacia una serie de adjetivos calificativos tales como Atractivo, Bajo o Alegre con los cuales podrás darte una idea de cómo describir el aspecto físico y emocional de las personas. Además, esta lista, tiene la enorme ventaja de contar con una herramienta que te permitirá escuchar la pronunciación correcta de las palabras en inglés.

http://www.mansioningles.com/vocabulario01.htm

El artículo THE en ingles

Uno de los primeros contactos que se tienen con el idioma inglés es el uso del artículo determinado The. Éste artículo en particular puede remontarse a sinfín de programas de televisión, parte de la cultura colectiva del país. Piense en alguna serie norteamericana de su agrado, ¿cuál de ellas le vino a la mente? No importa, seguro que ésta comienza con un enorme THE. Es importante saber, más allá de conocer su significado, la forma de interpretarlo, ya que éste cubre nuestros artículos el, la, los, las. En esta página encontrarás su uso, abuso, omisión y una serie de ejercicios con los cuales profundizaras tus conocimientos sobre este tema tan importante.

En inglés, el artículo determinado (the) tiene la particularidad y la ventaja que cubre a cuatro de nuestros artículos: el, la, los, las.

The world / el mundo The worlds / los mundos
The house / la casa The houses / las casas
The cat, the girl, the books and the apples / El gato, la chica, los libros y las manzanas

Por lo tanto, podemos decir que es invariable en género y número. Como veis, buenas perspectivas con el artículo determinado para nosotros, hablantes de la lengua hispana, aunque no todo podía ser tan sencillo…

USOS

– Designa a una persona o cosa concreta. En ese sentido, la importancia del artículo es fundamental, pues de su presencia depende el conocimiento del interlocutor del objeto o persona de la que estamos hablando.

Computers are expensive The computers are expensive

Ambas frases pueden traducirse como “Los ordenadores son caros”. En cambio, en el primer ejemplo, decimos que los ordenadores son caros en general (queremos dar a entender que cualquier ordenador suele ser un objeto caro). En el segundo ejemplo, estamos hablando de un grupo concreto de ordenadores. Hemos comprado en nuestra oficina unos ordenadores portátiles de última generación, cuyo precio es elevado. Es por ello que en la conversación una de las personas dice a la otra, refiriéndose a dichos equipos, que los ordenadores (los portátiles adquiridos) son caros.

– Aun cuando se omite el artículo con nombres propios (1) (en este caso se suele utilizar un título), sí se usa el artículo the cuando hablamos de un nombre geográfico (2) (ríos, mares, cordilleras, islas, etc.) y con nombres de objetos cuando éstos adquieren un nombre propio como denominación (3) (barcos, hoteles, publicaciones, etc.)

(1) Mr. Brown (y no the Mr. Brown), Dr. Gannon ( y no the doctor Gannon)
(2) The Thames, The Mediterranean, The Himalayas, The Bahamas
(3) The Queen Elizabeth, The Washington Post, The Palace Hotel

OMISIÓN DEL ARTÍCULO

Se omite el artículo determinado the en los siguientes casos:

– Tal y como hemos comentado con anterioridad, cuando nos referimos a personas. (Suele emplearse el tratamiento como precedente).

Mr Epi / el Sr. Epi King Arthur / el Rey Arturo Lord Craig / el Lord Craig

– Cuando nos referimos a países u otros términos geográficos con nombres propios.

England / Inglaterra Sesamo Street / Calle Sesamo New York / Nueva York

– No se usa cuando nos referimos a Iglesias, escuelas, prisiones, hospitales y otros lugares públicos de reunión en cuanto a su uso genérico como tal.

She goes to school / Ella va a la escuela (es una colegiala)
He is in hospital / Él está en el hospital (ingresado)

– Delante de nombres de sustancias, colores e idiomas.

Iron is hard / El hierro es duro
Pink is a flashy colour / El rosa es un color llamativo
English is an interesting language / El inglés es un idioma interesante

– Con los meses, estaciones del año, semanas, años, etc cuando tomamos como referencia el tiempo actual y con los días de la semana y horas

He came in July / El vino en julio
She came in spring / Ella vino en primavera
On Saturday / El sábado
At half past five / A las cinco y media

– Cuando hablamos del desayuno, la comida, la merienda o la cena.

Dinner is at seven / La cena es a las siete

– Cuando hablamos de actividades, oficios y juegos:

Chess / El ajedrez Fishing / La pesca Architecture / La arquitectura

– Cuando hablamos de porcentajes:

Twenty percent / El veinte por ciento

– Cuando se emplean nombres de partes del cuerpo que se utilizan con el verbo to have (tener).

My daughter has blue eyes / Mi hija tiene los ojos azules

http://www.mansioningles.com/gram02.htm

Make a question from each sentence: exercise

EJERCICIOS – INGLÉSQUESTION
WORDS


Construye preguntas con Who y What:

( al final del ejercicio encontrarás
las respuestas )


Ejemplo:
Somebody was typing.

1. I phoned somebody.

2. I’m doing something.

3. I want something.

4. I bought something.

5. I used something.

6. Somebody has got my pen.

7. Somebody cleaned the kitchen.

8. Peter and Mary saw something.

9. Somebody lives in that house.

10. I’m going to cook something.

Respuestas
1. Who did you phone?
2. What are you doing?
3. What do you want?
4. What did you buy?
5. What did you use?
6. Who has got it?
7. Who cleaned the kitchen?
8. What did Peter and Mary see?
9. Who lives in that house?
10. What are you going to cook?

Spanish/English translation exercise

 

Ejercicios: Traducir
frases al inglés
Tema: Question words / Pronombres interrogativos

 

Traduce las siguientes frases al inglés:


Escribe en las
cajas de texto, al final del ejercicio encontrarás
las respuestas.

 

 

1.
¿Quién vino ayer noche?

 

2.
¿De qué querian hablar Mary y Peter?

 

3.
¿Qué estaban haciendo?

 

4.
¿Qué tipo de música te gusta?

 

5.
¿Cómo está tu padre?

 

6.
¿Quién la pintó? (la puerta)

 

7.
¿Por qué está el gato tan asustado?


8.
¿Cuándo vas a volver?

 

9.
¿Con quién estabas?

 

10.
¿Cuánto pagasteis?

 

 

 


Traducción:

1.
Who came last night?

2.
What did Mary and Peter want to speak about?

3.
What were they doing?

4.
What kind of music do you like?

5.
How is your father?

6.
Who painted it?

7.
Why is the cat so frightened?

8.
When are you coming back?

9.
Whom were you with?

10.How
much did you pay?

Ejercicios del present perfect y del present perfect continuous

1. Using the Present Perfect tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
We ____________ the contest. (to enter)
We have entered the contest.

He ____________ the work. (to finish)
He has finished the work.

1. They _______________ a pizza. (to order)
2. It _______________ to rain. (to start)
3. You _______________ the question. (to answer)
4. I _______________ the eggs. (to cook)
5. We _______________ the sauce. (to heat)
6. He _______________ the room. (to clean)
7. She _______________ the car. (to start)
8. They _______________ on the door. (to knock)
9. You _______________ on the lights. (to turn)
10. She _______________ them to come. (to ask)
Answers

2. Rewrite the following sentences, using the contracted form of the auxiliary to have. For example:
It has started.
It’s started.

We have telephoned.
We’ve telephoned.

1. I have agreed.
2. You have moved.
3. He has looked.
4. We have argued.
5. They have explained.
6. You have waited.
7. She has answered.
8. We have finished.
9. It has cooled.
10. I have ordered.
Answers

3. Paying attention to the spelling of the past participles, fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense of the regular verbs shown in brackets. For example:
She _________ hard. (to try)
She has tried hard.

He ___________ his friend. (to annoy)
He has annoyed his friend.

1. We _______________ them. (to envy)
2. She ________________ the clarinet for five years. (to play)
3. You _________________ for the job. (to apply)
4. We _______________ the eggs. (to fry)
5. They _________________ six people. (to employ)
6. He ________________ the wall with paint. (to spray)
7. I ________________ home. (to hurry)
8. They _________________ unusual intelligence. (to display)
9. It _________________ our chances. (to destroy)
10. You ________________ on your bicycle. (to rely)
Answers

4. Paying attention to the spelling of the past participles, fill in the blanks using the Present Perfect tense of the regular verbs shown in brackets. For example:
He __________ the child. (to scare)
He has scared the child.

They ____________ the hillside. (to scar)
They have scarred the hillside.

1. She __________________. (to apologize)
2. I ________________ the soup. (to stir)
3. It _________________. (to stop)
4. We _________________ what happened. (to explain)
5. They __________________ a concert. (to plan)
6. You ________________ the table. (to wipe)
7. We _________________ our hopes on you. (to pin)
8. She _________________ the choir. (to join)
9. They ________________ an eagle. (to spot)
10. It ___________ every day. (to rain)
11. You _______________ the cream. (to whip)
12. She _______________ everything. (to arrange)
Answers

5. Keeping in mind that the ending ed forms a separate syllable only when it follows the letter d or t, indicate the number of syllables in each of the following past participles. Read each of the the past participles aloud. For example:
__ pained
1 pained

__ painted
2 painted

1. ___ waited
2. ___ wailed
3. ___ pinned
4. ___ printed
5. ___ acted
6. ___ added
7. ___ wanted
8. ___ warned
9. ___ raced
10. ___ rated
11. ___ joined
12. ___ jumped
13. ___ folded
14. ___ frowned
15. ___ passed
16. ___ patted
17. ___ raided
18. ___ rained
19. ___ stared
20. ___ started
Answers

6. Referring to the table of irregular verbs if necessary, fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect tense of the irregular verbs shown in brackets. For example:
They _________ tall. (to grow)
They have grown tall.

He __________ it. (to choose)
He has chosen it.

1. We _____________ lunch. (to eat)
2. I ______________ the floor. (to sweep)
3. She ______________ in a choir. (to sing)
4. They ______________ to work. (to go)
5. You ______________ your way. (to lose)
6. He _____________ earlier than usual. (to rise)
7. We ______________ to everyone. (to speak)
8. I ______________ the kingfisher. (to see)
9. They _________ each other a long time. (to know)
10. She _______________ here from France. (to fly)
11. He ______________ very helpful. (to be)
12. I _______________ the blue cloth. (to cut)
13. We ______________ two letters. (to write)
14. They _______________ the competition. (to win)
15. She ________________ no one. (to tell)
16. It _______________ a long time. (to take)
17. You ________________ to do it. (to forget)
18. I ________________ it. (to hear)
19. They _______________ town. (to leave)
20. He ________________ the problem. (to understand)
Answers

7. Following the model of the examples, rewrite the following affirmative statements as questions, negative statements, negative questions without contractions, negative questions with contractions, and affirmative statements followed by negative tag questions. For example:
I have read this book.
Have I read this book?
I have not read this book.
Have I not read this book?
Haven’t I read this book?
I have read this book, haven’t I?

He has found the answer.
Has he found the answer?
He has not found the answer.
Has he not found the answer?
Hasn’t he found the answer?
He has found the answer, hasn’t he?

1. They have eaten the cookies.
2. She has told the truth.
3. He has run fast.
4. We have watered the plants.
5. You have hurried.
Answers

8. Paying attention to the spelling of the present participles, fill in the blanks using the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
I ________________ all night. (to work)
I have been working all night.

She ___________________ the trumpet. (to practise)
She has been practising the trumpet.

1. We ______________________ for you. (to wait)
2. They __________________________ a race. (to run)
3. He ___________________________ a book. (to read)
4. You ___________________________ a letter. (to write)
5. I __________________________ the table. (to set)
6. It __________________________ for hours. (to rain)
7. We __________________________ here for three years. (to live)
8. She ____________________________ to us. (to speak)
9. You ___________________________ presents. (to buy)
10. They ___________________________ a trip. (to plan)
Answers

9. Following the model of the example, rewrite the following two affirmative statements as questions, negative statements, negative questions without contractions, negative questions with contractions, and affirmative statements followed by negative tag questions. For example:
They have been enjoying themselves.
Have they been enjoying themselves?
They have not been enjoying themselves.
Have they not been enjoying themselves?
Haven’t they been enjoying themselves?
They have been enjoying themselves, haven’t they?

1. It has been snowing.
2. You have been visiting your friends.
Answers

ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES for Chapter 4

Answers to Exercise 1:
1. have ordered 2. has started 3. have answered 4. have cooked 5. have heated 6. has cleaned 7. has started 8. have knocked 9. have turned 10. has asked

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. I’ve agreed. 2. You’ve moved. 3. He’s looked. 4. We’ve argued. 5. They’ve explained. 6. You’ve waited. 7. She’s answered. 8. We’ve finished. 9. It’s cooled. 10. I’ve ordered.

Answers to Exercise 3:
1. have envied 2. has played 3. have applied 4. have fried 5. have employed 6. has sprayed 7. have hurried 8. have displayed 9. has destroyed 10. have relied

Answers to Exercise 4:
1. has apologized 2. have stirred 3. has stopped 4. have explained 5. have planned 6. have wiped 7. have pinned 8. has joined 9. have spotted 10. has rained 11. have whipped 12. has arranged

Answers to Exercise 5:
1. 2 2. 1 3. 1 4. 2 5. 2 6. 2 7. 2 8. 1 9. 1 10. 2 11. 1 12. 1 13. 2 14. 1 15. 1 16. 2 17. 2 18. 1 19. 1 20. 2

Answers to Exercise 6:
1. have eaten 2. have swept 3. has sung 4. have gone 5. have lost 6. has risen 7. have spoken 8. have seen 9. have known 10. has flown 11. has been 12. have cut 13. have written 14. have won 15. has told 16. has taken 17. have forgotten 18. have heard 19. have left 20. has understood

Answers to Exercise 7:
1. Have they eaten the cookies? They have not eaten the cookies. Have they not eaten the cookies? Haven’t they eaten the cookies? They have eaten the cookies, haven’t they?
2. Has she told the truth? She has not told the truth. Has she not told the truth? Hasn’t she told the truth? She has told the truth, hasn’t she?
3. Has he run fast? He has not run fast. Has he not run fast? Hasn’t he run fast? He has run fast, hasn’t he?
4. Have we watered the plants? We have not watered the plants. Have we not watered the plants? Haven’t we watered the plants? We have watered the plants, haven’t we?
5. Have you hurried? You have not hurried. Have you not hurried? Haven’t you hurried? You have hurried, haven’t you?

Answers to Exercise 8:
1. have been waiting 2. have been running 3. has been reading 4. have been writing 5. have been setting 6. has been raining 7. have been living 8. has been speaking 9. have been buying 10. have been planning

Answers to Exercise 9:
1. Has it been snowing? It has not been snowing. Has it not been snowing? Hasn’t it been snowing? It has been snowing, hasn’t it?
2. Have you been visiting your friends? You have not been visiting your friends. Have you not been visiting your friends? Haven’t you been visiting your friends? You have been visiting your friends, haven’t you?

Ejercicios de presente continuo – Present Continuous tense Exercices

1. Using the Present Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
He _________ hard. (to work)
He is working hard.

We ____________ anxious. (to feel)
We are feeling anxious.

1. I _______________ the questions. (to answer)
2. You ________________ boots. (to wear)
3. We ______________ for work. (to look)
4. She ______________ her friend. (to call)
5. He _______________ a house. (to build)
6. They _______________ supper. (to cook)
7. We ______________ a story. (to tell)
8. You ______________ for the bus. (to wait)
9. I _______________ a book. (to read)
10. They _______________ berries. (to pick)
Answers

2. Using the Present Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
They _____________ the lemons. (to squeeze)
They are squeezing the lemons.

It ________ on the sidewalk. (to lie)
It is lying on the sidewalk.

I ___________ the groceries. (to carry)
I am carrying the groceries.

1. She ________________ a letter. (to write)
2. They _________________ about it. (to worry)
3. He _________________ jam. (to make)
4. It _________________. (to die)
5. We _______________ to school. (to hurry)
6. She _________________ us to do it. (to dare)
7. You ________________ on the blanket. (to lie)
8. He _________________ the problem. (to solve)
9. I _________________ now. (to leave)
10. They _________________ to help us. (to try)
Answers

3. Using the Present Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
We ___________ to come. (to plan)
We are planning to come.

They _________ the lawn. (to mow)
They are mowing the lawn.

It __________. (to rain)
It is raining.

1. I _______________ the grass. (to cut)
2. It _______________ downstream. (to float)
3. They _________________ the game. (to win)
4. We _________________ the present. (to wrap)
5. She _________________ lettuce. (to grow)
6. He _________________ for us. (to look)
7. I _________________ a sweater. (to knit)
8. They _________________ wood. (to saw)
9. She _________________ the windows. (to clean)
10. We _________________ the floor. (to scrub)
11. I ________________ the toaster. (to fix)
12. He _________________ his coffee. (to sip)
13. They __________________ the hedge. (to trim)
14. You _________________ the ducks. (to feed)
15. She _________________ her head. (to nod)
Answers

4. Each of the following sentences is preceded by a bare infinitive, the most heavily stressed syllable of which is underlined. Paying attention to whether or not the final consonant should be doubled before ing is added, fill in the blanks with the present participles corresponding to the bare infinitives. Use the American spelling for verbs ending in l. For example:
whisper: They are __________ to their friends.
They are whispering to their friends.

refer: I was _________ to your letter.
I was referring to your letter.

1. open: I am _____________ the door.
2. display: She is ______________ her talents.
3. submit: He is _______________ his report tomorrow.
4. limit: The store is _____________ the number of items on sale.
5. permit: We are not _____________ him to go.
6. sharpen: They are _______________ the pencils.
7. confer: She is ________________ with her colleagues.
8. focus: He is ________________ the camera.
9. repel: They are ________________ the attack.
10. shovel: I am ________________ the steps.
11. destroy: Hail is _______________ the crops.
12. dispel: They are _______________ our doubts.
13. squander: He is _______________ his money.
14. prefer: We are _______________ our new school to the old one.
15. color: The child is ______________ the picture.
16. unravel: We are _____________ the wool.
17. propel: Jet engines are _______________ the plane.
18. flower: The pansies are _______________
19. infer: They are ______________ that we do not want to come.
20. listen: The children are ______________ to us.
Answers

5. Change the following affirmative statements into questions. For example:
It is snowing.
Is it snowing?

They are being cautious.
Are they being cautious?

1. I am learning English.
2. You are carrying a parcel.
3. It is growing colder.
4. We are living in Halifax.
5. They are running a race.
6. He is drinking coffee.
7. She is shopping for presents.
8. I am cleaning the window.
9. We are buying pencils.
10. They are playing football.
Answers

6. Change the affirmative statements given in Exercise 5 into negative statements. For example:
It is snowing.
It is not snowing.

They are being cautious.
They are not being cautious.
Answers

7. Change the affirmative statements given in Exercise 5 into negative questions. Except when the subject of the verb is I, write both the form without contractions and the form with contractions. For example:
It is snowing.
Is it not snowing?
Isn’t it snowing?

They are being cautious.
Are they not being cautious?
Aren’t they being cautious?
Answers

8. Add negative tag questions to the affirmative statements given in Exercise 5. Except when the subject of the verb is I, use contractions for the tag questions. For example:
It is snowing.
It is snowing, isn’t it?

They are being cautious.
They are being cautious, aren’t they?
Answers

9. For each of the following sentences, determine whether the Simple Present tense or the Present Continuous tense is more appropriate, and fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb given in brackets. For example:
Right now, he ________ ridiculous. (to be)
Right now, he is being ridiculous.

She ______ to Sydney every weekend. (to drive)
She drives to Sydney every weekend.

1. At the moment, I __________________ supper. (to cook)
2. He ________________ the paper every weekday. (to read)
3. We ________________ right now. (to study)
4. She ________________ every day. (to study)
5. Now it _______________. (to rain)
6. They ______________ to Mexico every year. (to travel)
7. Just now we ________________ the shopping. (to do)
8. She always ________________ correctly.( to answer)
9. You ________________ never late. (to be)
10. Now I ________________ to the radio. (to listen)
11. Each Sunday, we ________________ the flea market. (to visit)
12. At present, I ________________ for work. (to look)
Answers

ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES for Chapter 3

Answers to Exercise 1:
1. am answering 2. are wearing 3. are looking 4. is calling 5. is building 6. are cooking 7. are telling 8. are waiting 9. am reading 10. are picking

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. is writing 2. are worrying 3. is making 4. is dying 5. are hurrying 6. is daring 7. are lying 8. is solving 9. am leaving 10. are trying

Answers to Exercise 3:
1. am cutting 2. is floating 3. are winning 4. are wrapping 5. is growing 6. is looking 7. am knitting 8. are sawing 9. is cleaning 10. are scrubbing 11. am fixing 12. is sipping 13. are trimming 14. are feeding 15. is nodding

Answers to Exercise 4:
1. opening 2. displaying 3. submitting 4. limiting 5. permitting 6. sharpening 7. conferring 8. focusing 9. repelling 10. shoveling 11. destroying 12. dispelling 13. squandering 14. preferring 15. coloring 16. unraveling 17. propelling 18. flowering 19. inferring 20. listening

Answers to Exercise 5:
1. Am I learning English? 2. Are you carrying a parcel? 3. Is it growing colder? 4. Are we living in Halifax? 5. Are they running a race? 6. Is he drinking coffee? 7. Is she shopping for presents? 8. Am I cleaning the window? 9. Are we buying pencils? 10. Are they playing football?

Answers to Exercise 6:
1. I am not learning English. 2. You are not carrying a parcel. 3. It is not growing colder. 4. We are not living in Halifax. 5. They are not running a race. 6. He is not drinking coffee. 7. She is not shopping for presents. 8. I am not cleaning the window. 9. We are not buying pencils. 10. They are not playing football.

Answers to Exercise 7:
1. Am I not learning English? 2. Are you not carrying a parcel? Aren’t you carrying a parcel? 3. Is it not growing colder? Isn’t it growing colder? 4. Are we not living in Halifax? Aren’t we living in Halifax? 5. Are they not running a race? Aren’t they running a race? 6. Is he not drinking coffee? Isn’t he drinking coffee? 7. Is she not shopping for presents? Isn’t she shopping for presents? 8. Am I not cleaning the window? 9. Are we not buying pencils? Aren’t we buying pencils? 10. Are they not playing football? Aren’t they playing football?

Answers to Exercise 8:
1. I am learning English, am I not? 2. You are carrying a parcel, aren’t you? 3. It is growing colder, isn’t it? 4. We are living in Halifax, aren’t we? 5. They are running a race, aren’t they? 6. He is drinking coffee, isn’t he? 7. She is shopping for presents, isn’t she? 8. I am cleaning the window, am I not? 9. We are buying pencils, aren’t we? 10. They are playing football, aren’t they?

Answers to Exercise 9:
1. am cooking 2. reads 3. are studying 4. studies 5. is raining 6. travel 7. are doing 8. answers 9. are 10. am listening 11. visit 12. am looking

Ejercicios de gramática – to be, preguntas con to be, frases negativas, tag questions

Te proponemos unos ejercicios de gramática.
Las soluciones las tienes más abajo.

ETXETRCISES

1. Change the following pairs of words into sentences, using the correct forms of the Simple Present of the verb to be. For example:
I, cautious
I am cautious.

they, friendly
They are friendly.

1. you, careful
2. it, warm
3. he, here
4. we, bold
5. they, careless
6. she, clever
7. we, ready
8. you, reckless
9. I, shy
10. they, polite
2. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into questions. For example:
I am cautious.
Am I cautious?

They are friendly.
Are they friendly?
3. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into negative statements. For example:
I am cautious.
I am not cautious.

They are friendly.
They are not friendly.
4. Change the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1 into negative questions. Except where the subject of the verb is I, write both the form without contractions and the form with contractions. For example:
I am cautious.
Am I not cautious?

They are friendly.
Are they not friendly?
Aren’t they friendly?
5. Add negative tag questions to the ends of the affirmative statements resulting from Exercise 1. Except where the subject of the verb is I, use contractions for the tag questions. For example:
I am cautious.
I am cautious, am I not?

They are friendly.
They are friendly, aren’t they?
6. Using the Simple Present of the verb to be, and making sure that the word order is correct, form the following groups of words into grammatically correct statements or questions. If the symbol ? is present, form the words into a question. If the word not is present, form the words into a negative statement or negative question. Do not use contractions in this exercise. For example:
it, brown
It is brown.

you, ?, excited
Are you excited?

I, satisfied, not
I am not satisfied.

not, ?, they, ready
Are they not ready?

1. you, ?, hungry
2. we, ?, not, correct
3. he, ?, happy
4. not, ?, it, cold
5. she, here
6. I, early, ?
7. they, wrong, not
8. you, ?, comfortable
9. they, ?, not, strong
10. not, ?, I, fortunate
11. it, slippery, ?
12. not, you, late
13. it, not, ?, important
14. we, famous
15. they, present, ?
Answers

ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES

Answers to Exercise 1:
1. You are careful. 2. It is warm. 3. He is here. 4. We are bold. 5. They are careless. 6. She is clever. 7. We are ready. 8. You are reckless. 9. I am shy. 10. They are polite.

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. Are you careful? 2. Is it warm? 3. Is he here? 4. Are we bold? 5. Are they careless? 6. Is she clever? 7. Are we ready? 8. Are you reckless? 9. Am I shy? 10. Are they polite?

Answers to Exercise 3:
1. You are not careful. 2. It is not warm. 3. He is not here. 4. We are not bold. 5. They are not careless. 6. She is not clever. 7. We are not ready. 8. You are not reckless. 9. I am not shy. 10. They are not polite.

Answers to Exercise 4:
1. Are you not careful? Aren’t you careful? 2. Is it not warm? Isn’t it warm? 3. Is he not here? Isn’t he here? 4. Are we not bold? Aren’t we bold? 5. Are they not careless? Aren’t they careless? 6. Is she not clever? Isn’t she clever? 7. Are we not ready? Aren’t we ready? 8. Are you not reckless? Aren’t you reckless? 9. Am I not shy? 10. Are they not polite? Aren’t they polite?

Answers to Exercise 5:
1. You are careful, aren’t you? 2. It is warm, isn’t it? 3. He is here, isn’t he? 4. We are bold, aren’t we? 5. They are careless, aren’t they? 6. She is clever, isn’t she? 7. We are ready, aren’t we? 8. You are reckless, aren’t you? 9. I am shy, am I not? 10. They are polite, aren’t they?

Answers to Exercise 6:
1. Are you hungry? 2. Are we not correct? 3. Is he happy? 4. Is it not cold? 5. She is here. 6. Am I early? 7. They are not wrong. 8. Are you comfortable? 9. Are they not strong? 10. Am I not fortunate? ii. Is it slippery? 12. You are not late. 13. Is it not important? 14. We are famous. 15. Are they present?