Tag Archive for 'conjugación'

El futuro con going to – The future with Going to

Going To
Gramatical Structure / Estructura Gramatical (example with verb to eat)
GOING TO + MAIN VERB

Afirmative clause / Frase afirmativa
Sujeto + to be + going to + verbo infinitivo –> Sandra is going to drink some coffee (Sandra va a tomarse un café)
Negative clause / Frase negativa
Sujeto + to be + not + going to + verbo infinitivo –>

Sandra is not going to drink some coffee (Sandra no va a tomarse un café)
Interrogative clause/ Frase interrogativa
To be + not + sujeto + going to + verbo principal en infinitivo? –>
Is Sandra going to drink a coffee? (¿Va Sandra a tomarse un café?)
Gramatical Structure / Estructura Gramatical (example with verb to go)
GOING TO + COMPLEMENT
Afirmative clause / Frase afirmativa
Sujeto + to be + going to + complemento –> They are going to the beach (Ellos van a la playa)
Negative clause / Frase negativa
Sujeto + to be + not + going to + complemento –> They are not going to the beach (Ellos no van a la playa)
Interrogative clause/ Frase interrogativa
To be + not + sujeto + going to + verbo principal en infinitivo? –>Are they going to the beach? (¿Van a la playa?)

Planes de futuro

El verbo going to se utiliza para planes de futuro ya sean inmediatos o a largo plazo.

El aspecto que lo diferencia del futuro con will es el sentido de “planificación”. De ahí que digamos “I am going to Paris in August” (Me voy a París en Agosto), cuando se trata de un plan a largo plazo. En cambio, si decimos “I will go to Paris in August”, el receptor entiende que el locutor acaba de tomar la decisión de irse de viaje a París en Agosto. Así pues la diferencia está en la intención del interlocutor.

Algo va a ocurrir con certeza

También podemos utilizar la forma going to cuando tenemos la seguridad de que algo va a suceder. En estos casos el hablante cuenta con una serie de indicadores que le permiten precedecir el futuro más o menos inmediato sin equivocarse.

Ejemplo: (si vemos a alguien poco abrigado en un día frío de lluvia)
– You are going to get a cold (Vas a coger un resfriado)

En algunas ocasiones podemos utilizar el futuro con will o el futuro con going to para hacer predicciones indistintamente. La diferencia está en el grado de seguridad del hablante.
Ejemplo:
– He will fail the examen (Él suspenderá el examen) –> Aquí tenemos un gran certeza que el va a suspender. Aquí intervienen opiniones personales subjetivas.
– He is going to fail the exam (El va a suspender el examen). –> Aquí nos basamos en hechos que nos llevan a la conclusión de que el va a suspender el examen. Seguramente no ha estudiado hasta el último momento.

Otros Usos:

Para hablar de algo  que acabamos de decidir que vamos
a hacer en el futuro.
– I’m going to write some letters this evening. (Voy a escribir
unas cartas esta noche.)

Cuando vemos una acción futura a causa de una situación del
presente.
– Microsoft is going to launch a new product. (Microsoft va
a lanzar un nuevo producto.)

Para hablar de planes o ambiciones para el futuro.
– I’m going to have a year off. (Voy a tomarme un año sabático.)
– He is going to work in a restaurant
in Paris. (Él va a trabajar en un restaurante en París.)

Conjugación verbo do (hacer)

Conjugación verbo do (hacer)

infinitivo: to do
presente: do / does
pasado: did
participio: done

Modo indicativo

Presente (present simple): yo hago, tú haces, él hace..
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I do It does
You do We do
He does You do
She does They do

Pretérito imperfecto /pasado simple (past simple): yo hacía, tú hacías, él hacía…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I did It did
You did We did
He did You did
She did They did

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he hecho, tú has hecho, él ha hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have done It has done
You have done We have done
He has done You have done
She has done They have done

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube hecho, tú habías /hubiste hecho, él había /hubo hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had done It had done
You had done We had done
He had done You had done
She had done They had done

Futuro (future): yo haré, tú harás, él hará…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will do It will do
You will do We will do
He will do You will do
She will do They will do

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré hecho, tú habras hecho, él habrá hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have done It will have done
You will have done We will have done
He will have done You will have done
She will have done They will have done

Condicional (conditional): yo haría, tú harías, él haría…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would do It would do
You would do We would do
He would do You would do
She would do They would do

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera hecho, tú habrías o hubieras hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have done It would have done
You would have done We would have done
He would have done You would have done
She would have done They would have done

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo haga, tú hagas, él haga…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I do It do
You do We do
He do You do
She do They do

Pretérito imperfecto: yo hiciera, tú hicieras, él hiciera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I did It did
You did We did
He did You did
She did They did

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera hecho, tú hubieras hecho, él hubiera hecho…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had done It had done
You had done We had done
He had done You had done
She had done They had done

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Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

Conjugación verbo have (tener o haber)

infinitivo: to have
presente: have / has
pasado: had
participio: had

Modo indicativo

Presente (Present simple): yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene …
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I have It has
You have We have
He has You have
She has They have

Pretérito imperfecto / pasado simple (past simple): yo tenía, él tenía, tú tenías…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he tenido, tú has tenido, él ha tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have had It has had
You have had We have had
He has had You have had
She has had They have had

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube tenido, tú habías / hubiste tenido, él había / hubo tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

Futuro (future): yo tendré, tú tendrás, él tendrá…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will have It will have
You will have We will have
He will have You will have
She will have They will have

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré tenido, tú habras tenido, él habrá tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have had It will have had
You will have had We will have had
He will have had You will have had
She will have had They will have had

Condicional (conditional): yo tendría, tú tendrías, él tendría…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would have It would have
You would have We would have
He would have You would have
She would have They would have

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera tenido, tú habrías o hubieras tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have had It would have had
You would have had We would have had
He would have had You would have had
She would have had They would have had

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo tenga, tú tengas, él tenga…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I have It have
You have We have
He have You have
She have They have

Pretérito imperfecto: yo tuviera, tú tuvieras, él tuviera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I had It had
You had We had
He had You had
She had They had

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera tenido, tú hubieras tenido, él hubiera tenido…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had had It had had
You had had We had had
He had had You had had
She had had They had had

Conjugación verbo be (ser o estar)

Conjugación verbo be (ser o estar)

infinitivo: to be
presente: am / is / are
pasado: was / were
participio: been

Modo indicativo

Presente (present): yo soy, tú eres, él es …
sintaxis: sujeto + presente
I am It is
You are We are
He is You are
She is They are

Pretérito imperfecto /pasado simple (past simple): yo era, tú eras, él era…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I was It was
You were We were
He was You were
She was They were

Pretérito perfecto compuesto (present perfect): yo he sido, tú has sido, él ha sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + have / has + participio del verbo
I have been It has been
You have been We have been
He has been You have been
She has been They have been

Pluscuamperfecto (past perfect): yo había / hube sido, tú habías /hubiste sido, él había /hubo sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + had + participio del verbo
I had been It had been
You had been We had been
He had been You had been
She had been They had been

Futuro (future): yo seré, tú serás, él será…
sintaxis: sujeto + will + verbo en infinitivo
I will be It will be
You will be We will be
He will be You will be
She will be They will be

Futuro perfecto (future perfect): yo habré sido, tú habras sido, él habrá sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + will have + participio del verbo
I will have been It will have been
You will have been We will have been
He will have been You will have been
She will have been They will have been

Condicional (conditional): yo sería, tú serías, él sería…
sintaxis: sujeto + would/should + modo infinitivo del verbo
I would be It would be
You would be We would be
He would be You would be
She would be They would be

Condicional perfecto (past conditional): yo habría o hubiera sido, tú habrías o hubieras sido…
sintaxis: sujeto + would + have + participio del verbo
I would have been It would have been
You would have been We would have been
He would have been You would have been
She would have been They would have been

Modo Subjuntivo

Presente subjuntivo: Yo sea, tú seas, él sea…
sintaxis: sujeto + infinitivo
I be It be
You be We be
He be You be
She be They be

Pretérito imperfecto: yo fuera, tú fueras, él fuera…
sintaxis: sujeto + pasado del verbo
I were It were
You were We were
He were You were
She were They were

Pluscuamperfecto: yo hubiera sido, tú hubieras sido, él hubiera sido…
sintaxis: sujeto +had + participio del verbo
I had been It had been
You had been We had been
He had been You had been
She had been They had been

Diferencias que sufren las terceras personas del singular

Diferencias que sufren las terceras personas del singular

A continuación ponemos ejemplos de las diferencias que sufren las llamadas terceras personas del singular: He (él), She (ella), it (ello, forma neutra que no existe en castellano y se utiliza para referirnos a cosas, eventos (como estados meterológicos, reuniones, acontecimientos en general) o animales de los que no sabemos su sexo).
Estas diferencias de las terceras personas del singular solo se da en todas las formas del presente: Present simple y Present continuos, Present perfect simple y Present perfect continuous.

Verbo To be:
Frase afirmativa: She is tired / She’s tired (Ella está cansada)
Frase negativa: She is not tired / She isn’t tired (Ella no está cansada)
Frase interrogativa: Is she tired? (¿Está ella cansada?)

Verbo Have got:
Frase afirmativa: He has got a car / He’s got a car (Él tiene un coche)
Frase negativa: He has not got a car / He hasn’t got a car (Él no tiene un coche)
Frase interrogativa: Has he got a car? (¿Tiene él un coche?)

Otros Verbos:
Frase afirmativa: It rains every day (Llueve cada día)
Frase negativa: It does not rain every day / It doesn’t rain every day (No llueve cada día)
Frase interrogativa: Does it rain every day? (¿Llueve cada día?)