Comparatives and Superlatives (Los comparativos y superlativos)

Adjetivos: Los comparativos
y superlativos
Adjectives: Comparatives and Superlatives


Grados del adjetivo:

Al igual que en en español, cuando queremos hacer comparaciones
contrastamos cualidades o atributos por medio de adjetivos en
sus diversos grados:

  1. El grado positivo: es
la cualidad en el grado más simple: fast
(rápido)
  2. El grado comparativo:

– comparativo de superioridad: faster
than
más rápido que ….
– comparativo de inferioridad: less
fast than
… menos rápido que ….
– comparativo de igualdad: as
fast as
…. tan rápido como …

  3. El grado superlativo: the
fastest
… el más rápido

Formación del
comparativo y del superlativo:

Para formar el comparativo o superlativo aplicaremos diferentes
reglas según los siguientes grupos:

  1. Para
adjetivos cortos o de una slaba:

- La comparación:
Para formar el comparativo añadimos al adjetivo
la terminación -er:
Por ejemplo, al adjetivo fast (rpido) le añadimos
-er: faster (más rpido)

Ejemplos:

A train is faster than a bicycle.(Un
tren es más rápido que una bicicleta.)

The sea
is larger than a lake.
(El mar es más grande que
un lago.)

- El superlativo:
Para formar el superlativo añadiremos al adjetivo
-est, además el adjetivo irá precedido del artculo
The.
Por ejemplo, al adjetivo old (viejo) le añadimos
-est: the oldest (el
ms viejo/mayor)

Ejemplos:

My father is the oldest.
(Mi padre es el más mayor)

My house is the largest.
(Mi casa es la más grande)

  2. Para
los adjetivos acabados en “y”, “er”,
“le”, “ow” de dos slabas:

- La comparación:
Para formar comparaciones se añade la terminacin -er.

Y si acaban en y, esta se sustituirá
por la i latina.
Por ejemplo, el adjetivo easy (fácil)
acabará con -ier: easier
(más fácil)

Ejemplos:
This work is easier than yours
(Este trabajo es más fácil que el tuyo.)

I’m cleverer than her (Soy más
inteligente que ella.)

My car is slower than yours (Mi
coche es más lento que el tuyo.) 



– El superlativo:

Para formar el superlativo añadiremos -est.
Y si acaban en y, esta se sustituir
por la i latina. Además siempre
irá precedido por el artculo The. Por ejemplo el adjetivo
ugly (feo) acabará
con -iest: the ugliest
(el más feo)

Ejemplos:

This man is the ugliest. (Este
hombre es el más feo.)

 
3.
Para adjetivos
largos de dos o más sílabas

- La comparación:
Para formar comparaciones, el adjetivo irá precedido de
la palabra more. Por
ejemplo, el adjetivo modern (moderno)
será more modern
(más moderno)

Ejemplos:

This house is more modern. (Esta
casa es más moderna.)

- El superlativo:

Para formar el superlativo, el adjetivo irá precedido
por : The + most
El adjetivo beautiful (hermoso)
será: The most beautiful (el
más hermoso)
.

Ejemplos:
This woman is the most beautiful. (Esta
mujer es la más hermosa)
.

Los adjetivos irregulares:

Son los adjetivos que tienen una sintaxis particular para
comparaciones y superlativos:

adjetivo
comparación
superlativo
good better The best
bad worse The worst
far further-farther The furthet-farthest
old older / eldest oldest / eldest
many/much more most
little less least


Otros ejemplos:

I’m stronger. (Soy más fuerte.)
I’m stronger than you. (Soy más fuerte
que tú.)

This car is more comfortable than yours. (Este
coche es más cómodo que el tuyo.)

She’s got the same dress than yours. (Tiene
el mismo vestido que tú.)

You’re as fast as him. ( Eres tan
rápido como él.)

You’re not as good as him! (¡No
eres tan bueno como él!)

He’s the richest man in the town. (Es
el hombre más rico de la ciudad.)

She’s the most beautiful actress I know. (Ella
es la actriz más hermosa que conozco.)

  • antonioa

    tengo que ser oraciones con superlaativos y comparativos pero lo que caxo muxo es lo sel superlativo oces si lo caxo pero lo buscon por internet xd lo que si no entiendo lo del irregular y regular xd

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  • Ema 1

    no esto es mejor:
    GRAMMAR EXPLANATION
    An Adjective is a word that describes a person or thing, or gives extra information about them.
    Adjectives usually come before nouns or after linking verbs.
    COMPARATIVES
     Study these examples:
    Let’s go by car. It’s cheaper.
    Don’t go by train. It’s more expensive.
    Cheaper and more expensive are comparative forms
    After comparatives we use than.
    ‐ It’s cheaper going by car than going by train.
     We use –er for the comparative of short adjectives.
    Cheap/cheaper hard/harder large/larger
    – This jacket is too small. I need a larger size.
     We use – er with some two-syllable adjectives, especially adjectives ending in –y. For example
    Lucky/luckier funny/funnier easy/easier pretty/prettier
     We use more… (not –er) for other two syllable adjectives and longer adjectives
    More modern more serious more expensive more comfortable
    More expensive hotels are usually more comfortable than cheaper ones.
    Some Adjectives have irregular comparative forms:Good better                                                               Let’s me ask him. I know him better than you do.                                                                                   The garden looks better since you tidied it up.Bad worse                                                                  “Is your headache better?” “No, it’s worse”Far further/farther                                                    I’m very tired. I can’t walk much further
     Further (but not farther) can also mean more or additional:
    Let me know immediately if you hear any further news. (= any more news)
     Older and elder
    The comparative of old is older:
    ‐ Tomas looks older than he really is. (not elder)
    We use elder when we are talking about members of a family. We say my elder brother/sister/son/daughter
    (older is also possible)
    My elder (or older) brother is a pilot
    We use elder only before a noun.
    My brother is older than me. (not elder than me)
     Comparatives as… as / than
    Laura isn’t as old as she looks (= She looks older than she is)
    The shopping center wasn’t crowded this morning as it usually is. (= it is usually more crowded)
    I don’t know as many people as you do ( = you know more people)
     You can also say “ not so… as” (instead of “not as… as”):
    Henry isn’t so rich as Fernando
     You can also use as… as (but not “so… as”) in positive sentences and in questions.
    I’m sorry, I’m late. I got here as fast I could
    Plenty of food, so eat as much as you like.
    Can you send me the money as soon as possible, please?
    Gasoline is twice as expensive as it was few years ago.
    SUPERLATIVES
    Study these examples:
    What is the longest river in the world?
    What is the biggest planet?
    We use –est or most… to form the superlative of adjectives. In general we use –est for shorter
    words and most… for longer words (the rules are the same as those for the comparative) For
    example:
    Long/the longest hot/the hottest easy/the easiest hard/the hardest
    But: the most famous the most boring the most difficult the most expensive
    ‐ Yesterday was the hottest day of the year.
    ‐ That was the most boring movie, I’ve ever seen.
    ‐ She is one of the nicest people I know.
     Note the irregular superlatives best and worst.
    That was a delicious meal. It’s one of the best I’ve ever had
    Why does he always come to see me at the worst possible moment?
    Remember that we normally use the with superlatives.
    The best
    The nicest
    The hottest
     Oldest and eldest
    The superlative of old is oldest…
    That house over there is the oldest building in the town. (not the eldest)
    We use eldest when we are talking about the members of a family (oldest is also possible):
    My eldest (or oldest) brother is 15 years old
    Are you the eldest (or oldest) in your family?
     After superlatives, we use in with places (towns, buildings, etc.):
    What is the longest river in the world?
    We were lucky to have one of the nicest rooms in the hotel.
    Also: The best student in the class.
    But: The happiest day of my life. The hottest day of the year.
    ok……

  • Octabio

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