Preguntas y frases negativas – Questions and negative statements

Questions and negative statements

As is the case with other English tenses, questions and negative statements in the Present Perfect are formed using the auxiliary. In the case of the Present Perfect, the auxiliary is have or has.

a. Questions
In order to form a question, the auxiliary is placed before the subject of the verb. For example:

Affirmative Statement Question
I have worked. Have I worked?
You have worked. Have you worked?
He has worked. Has he worked?
She has worked. Has she worked?
It has worked. Has it worked?
We have worked. Have we worked?
They have worked. Have they worked?

b. Negative statements
In order to form a negative statement, the word not is placed after the auxiliary. For example:

Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
I have worked. I have not worked.
You have worked. You have not worked.
He has worked. He has not worked.
She has worked. She has not worked.
It has worked. It has not worked.
We have worked. We have not worked.
They have worked. They have not worked.

The following contractions are often used in spoken English:

Without Contractions With Contractions
have not haven’t
has not hasn’t

c. Negative questions
In order to form a negative question, the auxiliary is placed before the subject, and the word not is placed after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not follows immediately after the auxiliary. For example:

Without Contractions With Contractions
Have I not worked? Haven’t I worked?
Have you not worked? Haven’t you worked?
Has he not worked? Hasn’t he worked?
Has she not worked? Hasn’t she worked?
Has it not worked? Hasn’t it worked?
Have we not worked? Haven’t we worked?
Have they not worked? Haven’t they worked?

d. Tag questions
Tag questions are also formed using the auxiliary. In the following examples, the negative tag questions are underlined.

Affirmative Statement Affirmative Statement with Tag Question
I have worked. I have worked, haven’t I?
You have worked. You have worked, haven’t you?
He has worked. He has worked, hasn’t he?
She has worked. She has worked, hasn’t she?
It has worked. It has worked, hasn’t it?
We have worked. We have worked, haven’t we?
They have worked. They have worked, haven’t they?

Traducción:

Preguntas y frases negativas

Como es el caso de otros tiempos Inglés, preguntas y declaraciones negativas en el presente perfecto se forman utilizando el auxiliar. En el caso de el presente perfecto, el auxiliar se tiene o ha.

a. Preguntas
Con el fin de formar una pregunta, el auxiliar se coloca antes de que el sujeto del verbo. Por ejemplo:

b. Declaraciones negativas
Con el fin de una forma negativa, la palabra no se encuentra después de la auxiliar. Por ejemplo:


Los siguientes contracciones se utilizan a menudo habla en Inglés:

c. Negativo preguntas
Con el fin de formar una cuestión negativa, el auxiliar se coloca antes de este asunto, y la palabra no se coloca después de este tema. Sin embargo, cuando las contracciones se utilizan, la forma de contratados no sigue inmediatamente después de la auxiliar. Por ejemplo:

d. question tags
Etiqueta preguntas también se forman utilizando el auxiliar. En los siguientes ejemplos, la negativa etiqueta preguntas están subrayados.

  • gabriela

    hayyyyyyy no encuentro.

  • paulette

    i do not understand how to do it.